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1996 dodge grand caravan dtc

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1989-1996 Dodge Dakota Trucks COIL Ignition Tests Manual

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Dakota Trucks 1989-1996 Ignition Tests COIL The ignition coil for the vehicles covered by this guide is in the following locations: • 1989-92 engines: mounted to the firewall • 1993-96 2.5L engines: mounted on the thermostat housing in front of the coolant temperature sensor • 1993-96 V6 and V8 LDC engines: mounted to a bracket bolted to the right engine cylinder head • 1993-96 5.9L HDC engines: mounted to a bracket bolted to the air injection pump (AIR pump) mounting bracket. Fig. 2: Ignition coil mounting-all 1989-92 models Fig. 3: Ignition coil wiring and mounting hardware-1993- 96 2.5L engine 1. Inspect the ignition coil for arcing while the engine is running. If the engine will not start, this can be performed while the engine is cranked by either an assistant or a remote starter. Look at the coil in dim or low light to aid visibility of any arcing. Fig. 4: Ignition coil mounting-1993-96 3.9L and 5.2L/5.9L LDC engines 2. Arcing at the tower will carbonize the wire boot, which, if it is connected to a new ignition coil, will cause the coil to fail. In such cases, clean all the carbonization away or replace the components as necessary. Fig. 5: Ignition coil mounting-1993-96 5.9L HDC engine 3. Using a coil tester or ohmmeter according to the manufacturer’s instructions, test the primary and secondary resistance. Replace any coil that does not meet the specifications indicated in the accompanying chart. 4. Inspect the secondary coil wire for any sign of damage. Replace if any damage is found. Carbon tracking on the old wire can cause arcing and the failure of a new ignition coil. REMOVAL & INSTALLATION 1989-92 Models See Figures 6 and 7 1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. 2. Disconnect the three wires from the coil. Mark them to identify for installation. Fig. 6: Remove the coil bracket bolt at the cowl Fig. 7: Unscrew the coil mounting hardware, then remove the coil from the vehicle 3. Unplug the condenser suppressor connector from the coil, if equipped. 4. Unbolt and remove the coil. To install: 5. Bolt down the coil with old bolts. 6. Connect wires to coil making sure that the proper wires are connected where they should be. 7. Connect the condenser suppressor, if equipped. 8. Connect the battery negative cable Removal and Installation V6 AND V8 ENGINES 1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. 2. Disconnect the primary wiring from the ignition coil. 3. Disconnect the secondary spark plug wire from the coil. 4. Remove the two bolts and withdraw the coil from its mounting bracket. To install:
5. Position the coil on its bracket and install the two bolts. Tighten them to 100 inch lbs. (11 Nm). If the bracket has been tapped for coil mounting bolts, these fasteners require less torque, so tighten them to 50 inch lbs. (5 Nm). 6. Connect all wiring to the ignition coil. TESTING See Figure 1 The only test you can perform without a DRBII scan tool, or equivalent, is a basic check of the sensor only.

1998 Dodge Grand Caravan Fuel Pump Relay Removal And Installation Manual

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Fuel Pump Relay 1. Remove fuel pump relay from power distribution center at driver’s side front corner of engine compartment, near the battery. Note terminal identification on fuel pump relay. See Fig. 6 . 2. To check fuel pump relay resistance, use ohmmeter and check resistance between terminals No. 85 and 86 on fuel pump relay. Replace fuel pump relay if resistance is not 70-80 ohms. 3. To check fuel pump relay operation, connect ohmmeter between terminals No. 30 and 87A on fuel pump relay. See Fig. 6 . Ohmmeter should indicate continuity between terminals No. 30 and 87A on fuel pump relay. 4. Connect ohmmeter between terminals No. 30 and 87 on fuel pump relay. See Fig. 6 . Ohmmeter should indicate no continuity between terminals No. 30 and 87 on fuel pump relay. 5. Connect 16-gauge jumper wire between negative battery terminal and terminal No. 85 on fuel pump relay. Connect 16-gauge jumper wire between positive battery terminal and terminal No. 86 on fuel pump relay. 6. Fuel pump relay should now be energized. No continuity should now exist between terminals No. 30 and 87A on fuel pump relay. Continuity should now exist between terminals No. 30 and 87 on fuel pump relay. Disconnect jumper wires. Replace fuel pump relay if defective. 7. If fuel pump relay or wiring circuit failure exists, a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) will be stored in Powertrain Control Module (PCM). See appropriate G – TESTS W/CODES article. Fig. 6: Identifying ASD Relay & Fuel Pump Relay Terminals Courtesy of CHRYSLER CORP.

1997 Dodge Grand Caravan POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION MANUAL

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POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE (PCM) Removal & Installation 1. The PCM is located between driver’s side front fender and power distribution center, near battery. See Fig. 1 . Disconnect negative battery cable and then positive battery cable from battery. 2. Remove bolts on side of power distribution center that secure power distribution center to mounting bracket. Remove heat shield from outside of battery. Remove battery. 3. Rotate power distribution center toward the engine to disengage power distribution center from rear mounting bracket. Pull power distribution center toward rear of vehicle to disengage power distribution center from front mounting bracket. 4. Allow power distribution center to lay aside for access to PCM. Remove electrical connectors from PCM. Electrical connectors may be removed by squeezing tabs on electrical connector together and pulling electrical connector from PCM. Remove bolts and PCM. To install, reverse removal procedure. Vehicles equipped with engine or transmission computers may require a relearn procedure after the vehicle battery is disconnected. Vehicle computers memorize and store vehicle operation patterns for optimum driveability and performance. When the vehicle battery is disconnected, this memory is lost. Default data is used until new data from each key start is stored. As the computer restores its memory from each new key start, driveability is restored. Driveability problems may occur during the relearn stage. Depending on the vehicle and how it is equipped, the following driveability problems may exist: z Rough or unstable idle. z Hesitation or stumble. z Rich or lean running. z Poor fuel mileage. z Harsh or poor transmission shift quality. To accelerate relearn process after battery removal and installation, vehicle should be road tested in the following manner: z Vehicle at normal operating temperature (cooling fan cycles). z Accelerate at normal throttle position (20-50%). z Cruise at light to medium throttle. z Decelerate to a stop, downshifting and using brakes normally. Manufacturers identify specific relearn procedures. See RELEARN PROCEDURES. Always complete the procedure before returning the vehicle to the owner. RELEARN PROCEDURES Theft Alarm Relearn Procedure 1. Theft alarm relearn is necessary whenever battery is disconnected or dead battery is boosted. If battery is connected or boosted without conducting relearn procedure, alarm system will enter power-up mode and vehicle will not start. 2. Before reconnecting battery or connecting booster, insert door key into driver side door lock

1996 Pontiac Grand Am DTC P0502 Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Circuit Low Input (3.1L VIN M) Service Manual

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Action Taken When the DTC Sets Conditions for Clearing the MIL/DTC Diagnostic Aids Test Description The numbers below refer to the step numbers on the diagnostic table. 2. This step verifies that the PCM is receiving a signal from the vehicle speed sensor. 3. This step verifies that there are no opens in the circuitry from the vehicle speed sensor to the PCM connector. 7. This step performs a resistance test on the VSS circuits from the PCM connector. • The transmission defaults to 3rd gear. • The PCM inhibits TCC operation. • The PCM illuminates the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL). • The PCM turns OFF the MIL after three consecutive ignition cycles without a failure reported. • A scan tool can clear the DTC from the PCM history. The PCM clears the DTC from the PCM history if the vehicle completes 40 warm-up cycles without a failure reported. • The PCM cancels the DTC default actions when the fault no longer exists and the ignition is OFF long enough in order to power down the PCM. • Check for PRNDL DTC P0705. DTC P0705 affects transmission operation. This may set DTC P0502 falsely. • Check for Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) in circuits 400 and 401. EMI may be induced if the harness is routed along the spark plug wires. • Inspect the wiring for poor electrical connections at the PCM. Inspect the wiring at the TCC brake switch. Look for the following conditions: – A bent terminal – A backed out terminal – A damaged terminal – Poor terminal tension – A chafed wire – A broken wire inside the insulation • When diagnosing for an intermittent short or open condition, massage the wiring harness while watching the test equipment for a change. • Ensure that the VSS is securely tightened to the case extension. DTC P0502 Vehicle Speed Sensor Circuit (VSS) Low Input

1997 Jeep Grand Cherokee Laredo 7 1/8″, 7 1/3″, 7 9/16″, 7 4/5″, 8 1/4″, 8 1/2″ & 8 9/10″ Ring Gears Removal And Installation Manual

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Removal (Model 194, 8 1/4″ & 1998 Grand Cherokee 216 Axles) 1. Raise and support vehicle. Remove rear wheel(s). If equipped with drum brakes, remove brake drum. If equipped with disc brakes, remove brake caliper and rotor. On all models, clean axle housing cover. Loosen cover bolts, and drain oil. Remove cover. 2. Remove differential pinion-shaft lock bolt. Remove pinion shaft from differential. Push in axle. Remove “C” clip from axle at pinion gear. Remove axle from tube. Remove axle shaft seal and bearing from axle tube. Installation 1. Grease bearing, and install into axle tube. Ensure bearing part number is facing outwards. Apply wheel bearing grease to axle shaft seal. Install seal in axle tube. Install axle shaft. 2. Install axle “C” clip. Pull axle out to seat “C” clip. Install pinion shaft. Install lock bolt, and tighten to specification. Apply RTV to axle housing cover. Tighten cover bolts to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS table. Fill with gear oil. Removal (Model 198, 1999 Grand Cherokee 216 & 226 Axles) 1. Raise and support vehicle. Remove rear wheel(s). Remove brake drum. Remove nuts securing axle retainer plate to axle tube, and discard. Using slide hammer and Adapter (6790), remove axle shaft from axle tube. 2. Using a 3/8″ drill bit, drill a shallow hole into bearing retaining ring on axle. DO NOT drill into axle. Using a cold chisel, cut bearing retaining ring across drilled hole, and remove from axle shaft. Using a press and Bearing Remover (1130), remove bearing from axle shaft. Remove seal and retainer plate from axle shaft. Installation 1. Ensure axle shaft retaining plate is flat and not warped. Install retaining plate on axle shaft. Apply wheel bearing grease to axle shaft seal. Install seal on axle shaft. Grease bearing, and install on axle shaft with outer surface groove facing seal. 2. Using press and Bearing Installer (7913), press bearing onto axle shaft. Press NEW bearing retainer ring onto axle shaft. Install axle shaft in axle tube. Tighten NEW axle retainer plate nuts to specification. See TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS table. PINION SEAL & YOKE Removal