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1997 Buick Century Limited 3.1/ 3.4L COLD ENGINE TICK OR RATTLE AFTER START-UP (REPLACE PISTON/ PIN ASSEMBLY)

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Some customers may comment on a ticking type noise that begins shortly after cold engine start-up and gradually diminishes as the engine warms up. In most cases, the noise is gone after five (5) minutes. In severe cases, the noise may not disappear when lhe engine is hot. CAUSE Under normal design tolerances when the piston pin bore is produced at the maximum tolerance and the piston pin is produced at the minimum tolerance (min-max tolerance) trace noise levels can occur. This level of noise does not affect the reliability or durability of the product. CORRECTION If piston-to-pin noise is detected and the customer desires the condition to be corrected, replace all six pistons with pin assemblies. The new piston sets have a minimal piston-to-pin clearance. Remember, piston-to-pin noise occurs in both park and drive at engine idle rpm and it varies in intensity depending on the number of pistons involved. A ticking sound means one piston is affected whereas a rattle or diesel type sound indicates more than one piston affected. The following should also be checked: 1. On W-Cars, make sure the right side engine splash shield is not contacting the engine crankshaft balancer. This condition usually happens cold and is caused by the shield curling when cold. 2. Reference Service Bulletin 57-71-06 for transmission rattle noise often confused for engine rattle noise. 3. Reference Service Bulletin 47-61-36 for Accessory Drive Belt Tensioner noise. 4. Check cylinder bore diameter and piston diameter as outlined in the Service Manual. Use the procedure in the appropriate Service Manual for piston replacement. Service Bulletin 57-61-24 (Section 6 – Engine). NOTE: Excessive cylinder bore to piston diameter clearance can cause a similar type noise. NOTE: When installing the new piston and pin assembly onto the existing rods, use extreme care to avoid damage to either the pin or piston bore. If damage to these areas occurs, the noise will return because the damage will cause wear and excessive clearance

NISSAN ALTIMA OR SENTRA W /QR25 ENGINE NO-START AFTER COLD SOAK REPAIR MANUAL

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SERVICE PROCEDURE Replace Starter, Add Cleaner 1. Replace the starter motor. • Use the part number from the Parts Information section of this bulletin. • Refer to section SC, “STARTING SYSTEM, Removal and Installation” in the applicable Nissan Electronic Service Manual (ESM). 2. Add one full can of Nissan In-Tank Fuel System Cleaner to the fuel. NOTE: If the fuel tank is less than ¾ full, instruct the customer to fill the tank as soon as it is convenient after the repair. Driving with the Cleaner installed and low fuel level will not harm the fuel system or engine, but will reduce the effectiveness of the cleaning process. 3. Continue to ECM Part Number Check (next page). 1. With CONSULT-II “ON”, print the Self-DIAG Results as follows: START (Nissan) >> ENGINE >> Self-DIAG Results >> PRINT SELF-DIAG RESULTS SYSTEM ENGINE DATE XX/XX/XXXX* 11:07:11 P/N 23710-XXXXX TP020389h DTC RESULTS TIME NO DTC IS DETECTED Current ECM Part Number * Example, your screen may differ. 3. Using the printout from Step 1: • Compare the vehicle’s current ECM P/N to those shown under Current ECM P/N in Chart 1, below: • This comparison will allow you to determine if the ECM needs to be reprogrammed. Chart 1, Current ECM P/N’s: VEHICLE PACKAGE NATS? CURRENT ECM P/N A/T, ASCD YES 23710-9J305, -9J003, -9J002, -9J001, -9J000, -8J001, -8J000 M/T, ASCD YES 23710-9J315, -9J013, -9J012, -9J011, -9J010, -8J061, -8J060 A/T, no ASCD YES 23710-9J300, -9J008, -9J007, -9J006, -9J005, -8J011, -8J010 02-04 Altima M/T, no ASCD YES 23710-9J310, -9J018, -9J017, -9J016, -9J015, -8J071, -8J070 YES 23710-8U542, -8U541, -8U540, -8U041, 8U040 A/T NO 23710-8U502, -8U501, -8U500, -8U001, 8U000 YES 23710-8U562, -8U561, -8U560, -8U061, -8U060 02-03 Sentra 5 M/T NO 23710-8U512, -8U511, -8U510, -8U011, -8U010 YES 23710-8U072, -8U071, -8U070 02 Sentra 6 M/T NO 23710-8U022, -8U021, -8U020 YES 23710-8U572, -8U571, -8U570 03 Sentra 6 M/T NO 23710-8U522, -8U521, -8U520 NOTE: The 2004 Sentra ECM does not need to be reprogrammed for this bulletin. A. If your vehicle’s ECM P/N matches a P/N in the chart above: • Perform ECM Reprogramming (page 4). B. If your vehicle’s ECM P/N does not match a P/N in the chart above: • ECM Reprogramming is not necessary, bulletin complete / end here

LM7, L59 or L33 Engines with Cold Start Rough or Incorrect Idle, Misfire, Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) or Flashing Requiring O2 Sensor Replacement

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2004-2005 Cadillac Escalade 2004-2005 Chevrolet Avalanche, Silverado 1500, Suburban, Tahoe 2005 Chevrolet Silverado Hybrid (HP2) 2004-2005 GMC Sierra 1500, Yukon, Yukon XL 2005 GMC Sierra Hybrid (PH2) with Vortec 5300 5.3L V-8 Engine (VINs T, Z, B — RPOs LM7, L59, L33 Some customers may comment on a Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) On or that the MIL is flashing. An actual engine misfire may or may not be felt along with an incorrect idle speed. Typically this occurs during cold winter months, on cold engine starts. Some vehicles may have been previously serviced for the same condition. Technicians may also find the following DTCs stored with the Tech 2® P0131, P0133, P0134, P0137, P0138, P0140, P0151, P0153, P0154, P0157, P1133, which may be in conjunction with P0171, P0174, P0300 and P1138. Cause Water shock occurs when water droplets are present in the exhaust. The water in the exhaust contacts the sensor element inside the HO2 sensor, causing the HO2 sensor element to crack. Correction Upon diagnostic investigation, the technician may find that the HO2 sensor requires replacement. In addition to replacing the affected HO2 sensor, these vehicles should also be reflashed with the latest PCM calibration. An updated PCM calibration will be available to dealerships as part of TIS 2000 incremental satellite update 11.0 (NAO version 25.010) or greater. Always, make sure your Tech 2 is updated with the latest software version

2003 GMC Truck C 1500 P/U 2WD Engine Knocking or Lifter Noise

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Engine Lubrication: All Technical Service Bulletins Engine – Knocking or Lifter Noise File In Section: 06 – Engine/Propulsion System Bulletin No.: 02-06-01-038 Date: December, 2002 TECHNICAL Subject: Engine Knock or Lifter Noise (Replace 0-Ring) Models: 2001-2002 Chevrolet Camaro 2001-2003 Chevrolet Corvette 2001-2002 Pontiac Firebird 2002-2003 Cadillac Escalade, Escalade EXT 2000-2003 Chevrolet Suburban, Tahoe 2001-2003 Chevrolet Silverado 2002-2003 Chevrolet Avalanche 2000-2003 GMC Yukon, Yukon XL 2001-2003 GMC Sierra with 4.8L, 5.3L, 5.7L or 6.0L V8 Engine (VINs V, T, Z, G, S, N, U – RPOs LR4, LM7, L59, LS1, LS6, LQ9, LQ4) Condition Some customers may comment on an engine tick noise. The distinguishing characteristic of this condition is that it likely will have been present since new, and is typically noticed within the first 161-322 km (100-200 mi). The noise may often be diagnosed as a collapsed lifter . Additionally, the noise may be present at cold start and appear to diminish and then return as the engine warms to operating temperature. This noise is different from other noises that may begin to occur at 3219-4828 km (2000-3000 mi). Cause The 0-ring seal between the oil pump screen and the oil pump may be cut, causing aeration of the oil. Correction

2003-2007 Accord V6 Power Steering Moans or Whines Repair Manual

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SYMPTOM A moan or whine is heard when turning the steering wheel when the engine is cold. There may be air bubbles or foam in the power steering reservoir. The noise usually goes away when the engine warms up. PROBABLE CAUSE Air enters the power steering pump through the inlet joint O-ring. CORRECTIVE ACTION Replace the O-ring on the power steering pump inlet joint. PARTS INFORMATION O-ring: P/N 91345-RDA-A01, H/C 8811010 REQUIRED MATERIALS Honda Genuine Power Steering Fluid: P/N 08206-9002, H/C 3747284 (One container repairs about 12 vehicles.) WARRANTY CLAIM INFORMATION In warranty: The normal warranty applies. Operation Number: 5121B5 Flat Rate Time: 0.3 hour Failed Part: P/N 91345-PAA-A01 H/C 5430681 Defect Code: 07408 Symptom Code: 04201 Template ID: 07-086A Skill Level: Repair Technician Out of warranty: Any repair performed after warranty expiration may be eligible for goodwill consideration by the District Parts and Service Manager or your Zone Office. You must request consideration, and get a decision, before starting work. REPAIR PROCEDURE 1. Remove the bolt holding the inlet joint to the power steering pump housing. 2. Place a shop towel under the inlet joint. 3. Twist the inlet joint back and forth until it is loose, then carefully disconnect the joint and point the hose upward to minimize fluid loss. 4. Remove the inlet joint O-ring. 5. Apply power steering fluid to a new O-ring, and install it on the inlet joint. 6. Install the inlet joint, and torque its bolt to 11 N. m (8 lb-ft). 7. Top off the power steering fluid, if needed. Start the engine, and let it idle. Confirm that the noise is gone and that the system is operating properly