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2002 ford windstar inertia switch test

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resistance between test pin No. 22 and test pins No. 40 and 60. If resistance is less than 10,000 ohms, repair short circuit and repeat QUICK TEST. If resistance is 10,000 ohms or more, go to step 5). 5)Check Fuel Pump Circuit Continuity Turn ignition off. Leave fuel pump relay and PCM disconnected. Measure resistance between FUEL PUMP circuit at fuel pump relay wiring harness connector and test pin No. 22 at breakout box. If resistance is less than 5 ohms, replace PCM and repeat QUICK TEST. If resistance is 5 ohms or more, repair open circuit and repeat QUICK TEST. 10)Code 95/542 A KOEO Code 95/542 indicates one of the following conditions: Engine Starts: * Fuel pump secondary circuit shorted to power. * Fuel pump relay contacts always closed. * Open FPM circuit between PCM and junction to POWER-TO-PUMP circuit. * Left/front HO2S short to power (dual HO2S applications). * Faulty PCM. No Start: * IFS switch circuit open or not reset. * Open circuit in or between PCM and fuel pump. * Faulty ground connection at fuel pump. * Faulty fuel pump. If engine starts, go to step 11). If engine does not start, go to step 15). 11)Check Fuel Pump Operation Turn ignition on. Wait 5 seconds. Listen for fuel pump operation. If fuel pump is off, go to step 13). If fuel pump is on, go to step 12). 12)Check For Fuel Pump Relay Always Closed Turn ignition off. Disconnect fuel pump relay. Turn ignition on. If fuel pump is off with relay disconnected, replace fuel pump relay and repeat QUICK TEST. If fuel pump is on with relay disconnected, repair short to power in POWER-TO-PUMP or FPM circuit. (For models with relay block, also check fuel pump prime plug circuit). Repeat QUICK TEST. 13)Check Continuity Of Fuel Pump Monitor (FPM) Circuit Turn ignition off. Disconnect PCM 60-pin connector. Inspect and repair any damaged terminals. Install EEC-IV Breakout Box (T83L-50-EEC-IV) , leaving PCM disconnected. Disconnect fuel pump relay. Measure resistance between test pin No. 8 (No. 19 on Escort, and Tracer) at breakout box and POWER-TO-PUMP circuit at fuel pump relay wiring harness connector. If resistance is less than 5 ohms, go to step 25) (dual HO2S) or replace PCM and repeat QUICK TEST (single HO2S). If resistance is 5 ohms or more, repair open circuit and repeat QUICK TEST

2000 Ford Windstar INCORRECT FUEL GAUGE INDICATION Workshop Manual

The fuel gauge does not change indication unless there has been at least 3 gallons of fuel added or deleted between ignition switch cycle. Use recorded REM and instrument cluster DTCs from the Continuous and On- Demand self-test. ? Are any DTCs recorded? Yes If REM DTC B1201 or IC DTC U1131 is retrieved, GO to D6 . No GO to D2. D2 CARRY OUT THE ICM FUEL GAUGE ACTIVE COMMAND IC Active Command Select the IC FUEL GAUGE CONTROL active command. Trigger FUELLEVEL active command. Toggle and monitor the fuel gauge while adjusting the FUELLEVEL active command to read 50% and 100% Did the fuel gauge needle start at empty (E), move to half at 50%, and full (F) at 100%? Yes GO to D3. No INSTALL a new instrument cluster; REFER to Instrument Cluster. CLEAR the DTC. REPEAT the instrument cluster self-test. D3 CHECK THE FUEL GAUGE READING Fuel Pump Module C412 Connect one lead of Instrument Gauge System Tester to fuel pump module C412 Pin 5, Circuit 1357 (LB/YE), harness side. Connect the other lead to fuel pump module C412 Pin 8, Circuit 1356 (LG/VT), harness side. Set the power switch on Instrument Gauge System Tester to the ON position Set Instrument Gauge System Tester to 15 ohms. Wait one minute. Set Instrument Gauge System Tester to 160 ohms. Wait one minute. Read the fuel gauge. The fuel gauge should read full or above. Set Instrument Gauge System Tester to 15 ohms. Wait one minute. Read the fuel gauge. The fuel gauge should read empty or below Does the fuel gauge operate correctly? Yes GO to D4. No GO to D6. D4 INSPECT THE FUEL TANK Visually inspect the fuel tank for any damage or deformation. ? Is the fuel tank OK? Yes GO to D5. No INSTALL a new fuel tank. REFER to Section 310-01. TEST the system for normal operation. D5 INSPECT THE FUEL LEVEL SENSOR AND PUMP ASSEMBLY Visually inspect the fuel pump assembly for damaged wiring or connectors. Visually inspect the float and float rod for damage or obstruction


1 – 10 Amp Panel Dimmer, Parking/License Lights, Autoshock Module, Clock 2 – 10 Amp Air Bag Module 3 – 5 Amp Foglight Switch 4 – 10 Amp A/C Clutch 5 – 15 Amp HEGO 1 & 2 (V6 Only) 6 – 10 Amp Anti-Theft, Trunk, Map, Vanity, Glove Box, Underhood, L/H Instrument Panel, Rear Courtesy, Door Courtesy, Lock Cylinder & Dome Lights, Power Mirrors 7 – 10 Amp Turn Signal Indicators/Lights, Backup Lights 8 – 5 Amp Cluster, Rear Defrost Switch, Coolant/Wash Level Sensor, DRL Module, EVO Test, EVO Steering Sensor, ARC (EVO) Module, ARC Switch, Hard Relay, Soft Relay, Auto Mirror, EATC Blend Door, Airbag Module, Overdrive Cancel Switch, Brakeshift Solenoid 9 – 10 Amp Main ABS Relay, ABS Module UNDERHOOD FUSE PANEL IDENTIFICATION (1994 MODELS) The “high-current” fuse panel is located in the engine compartment on the L/H fender apron. Fig. 5: Underhood Fuse Panel Identification (1994 -95 Models) Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO. Fuse & Relay Identification 1 – 15 Amp DRL Module, Foglights 2 – 5 Amp Memory 3 – 20 Amp Ignition Coil 4 – 20 Amp Auto Shock WARNING: Always disconnect battery ground cable before servicing “high-current fuses. It is recommended that “high-current” fuses be replaced by a qualified technician. 1994 Mercury Cougar XR7 FUSES & CIRCUIT BREAKERS 1989-95 FUSES & CIRCUIT BREAKERS Ford Motor Co. Virtual Wrench


TRANSFER CASE BINDING OR SHUDDER DIAGNOSTICS VEHICLES WITH 4.0L ENGINE SERVICE TIP ISSUE to the Data Link Connector (DLC) underneath The diagnostic procedure for binding or shudder the steering wheel. Monitor for any Diagnostic from transfer case in slow, tight turns while in 4 Trouble Codes (DTCs) set by the transfer case Auto mode may be inaccurate for some vehicles. that could indicate incorrect speed sensor function. Codes could include, but are not ACTION limited to: Diagnose transfer case binding or shudder concerns using the following Diagnostic Procedure. •P1836 – Front propshaft sensor circuit failure •P1837 – Rear propshaft sensor circuit failure DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURE •P1874 – Hall effect sensor power short circuit to battery 1997 EXPLORER •P1875 – Hall effect sensor power circuit 1. Test drive the vehicle in 4 Auto, 4 High and 4 failure Low. Evaluate the vehicle in each of these NOTE modes. The vehicle should bind in turns in both ADDITIONAL CODES COULD BE SET AS WELL. 4 High and 4 Low, but not in 4 Auto. The 4 PLEASE REFER TO THE APPROPRIATE YEAR High mode is intended for severe winter EXPLORER SERVICE MANUAL FOR COMPLETE weather or off-road driving only. It is not LISTING AND EXPLANATION. intended for use on dry or merely wet pavement. 3. If any of the DTCs in the above Step 2 are set, remove the corresponding speed sensor and 2. Verify the instrument panel has the proper 4X4 replace accordingly. Drive the vehicle to verify if selection label (Figure 1). Proceed to 1995-97 the shudder/binding has been eliminated. Send Explorer heading, Step 1. replaced speed sensor to the Ford Warranty 1995-97 EXPLORER Parts Return Center, Canton, MI. NOTE 4. Using NGS Tester, monitor the Parameter 4 AUTO IS THE FAR LEFT SWITCH POSITION Identification Display (PID) on the transfer case ON 1997 MODELS AND IS THE MIDDLE clutch duty cycle. If the 4 Auto mode reads POSITION ON 1996 MODELS. something higher than one (1), verify speed sensors have not set any Generic Electronic 1. If during test driving, the vehicle shudders or Module (GEM) DTCs and follow the speed binds in 4 Auto during slow forward or reverse sensor diagnostic procedure in the above Step parking lot maneuvers, proceed to Step 2. 2. Verify the following while checking PID: Mode Duty Cycle Indicator 4 Auto 0 or 1 4 High 13 4 Low 38 at 5 MPH 5. If the speed sensor circuits are functional, inspect for water contamination in the transfer case oil

2008 Ford Taurus AWD V6-3.5L – Rear Brake Pads Removal And Installation Manual

Removal WARNING: Do not use any fluid other than clean brake fluid meeting manufacturer’s specification. Additionally, do not use brake fluid that has been previously drained. Following these instructions will help prevent system contamination, brake component damage and the risk of serious personal injury. WARNING: Carefully read cautionary information on product label. For EMERGENCY MEDICAL INFORMATION seek medical advice. In the USA or Canada on Ford/Motorcraft products call: 1-800-959-3673. For additional information, consult the product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) if available. Failure to follow these instructions may result in serious personal injury. CAUTION: Brake fluid is harmful to painted and plastic surfaces. If brake fluid is spilled onto a painted or plastic surface, immediately wash it with water. CAUTION: Do not allow the brake fluid to come in contact with the adhesive backing on the brake pads. If brake fluid is spilled onto the brake pads, new pads must be installed. CAUTION: Use only specified brake parts cleaner. Use of other cleaners may leave a residue on the brake caliper preventing the brake pads adhesive surface from bonding with the brake caliper. 1. Remove the wheel and tire. 2. Check the brake fluid level in the brake fluid reservoir. * If required, remove fluid until the brake master cylinder reservoir is half full. 3. Remove the brake caliper bolts. 4. CAUTION: Do not use the brake caliper sight hole to retract the pistons as this may damage the pistons and boots. CAUTION: Do not allow the caliper to hang from the brake hose or damage to the hose may occur. CAUTION: Care must be taken when servicing rear brake components without disconnecting the parking brake cable from the brake caliper lever. Carefully position the caliper aside using a suitable support or damage to the parking brake cable end fittings may occur. Using hand force and a rocking motion, separate the brake caliper from the anchor plate. Position the brake caliper aside. * Support the caliper with mechanic’s wire. 5. CAUTION: When the brake pads are separated from the brake caliper , new brake pads must be installed to prevent brake noise. The brake pads are one-time use only. Remove and discard the brake pads and spring clips from the brake caliper anchor plate. 6. NOTE: Do not remove the anchor plate guide pins. The guide pins are press fit to the brake caliper anchor plate. If the guide pins are damaged a new anchor plate must be installed. Inspect the brake caliper anchor plate assembly. * Check the guide pins and boots for binding or damage. * Install a new brake caliper anchor plate if it is worn or damaged. Installation 1. NOTE: To move the piston back into the caliper, the LH piston is turned clockwise and the RH piston is turned counterclockwise. NOTE: A moderate to heavy force toward the caliper piston must be applied. If sufficient force is not applied, the internal park brake mechanism clutch cone will not engage and the piston will not compress. Using the special tool (or equivalent such as OTC tool 7317A), compress the brake caliper piston into its cylinder. 2. Clean the residual adhesive from the brake caliper fingers and pistons using the specified brake parts cleaner. 3. CAUTION: Do not allow grease, oil, brake fluid or other contaminants to contact the brake pad or caliper mating surface or damage to components may occur. Do not install contaminated pads. NOTE: Install all the new hardware supplied with brake pad kit. Install the new spring clips and brake pads. 4. Position the brake caliper and install the 2 bolts. * Tighten to 29 Nm (21 lb-ft). 5. If necessary, fill the brake fluid reservoir with clean, specified brake fluid. 6. With the vehicle engine running, apply 89-133 N (20-30 lb) of pressure on the brakes for approximately one minute, to make sure the brake pads adhere to the caliper before any contamination can be introduced. 7. Test the brakes for normal operation.