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diagram of how to change spark plugs on a 2011 kia sorento

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2004 Chevrolet Aveo SPARK PLUG REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION MANUAL

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Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP. 2. Loosen the 4 bolts and remove the engine cover. Fig. 117: Identifying Spark Plug & Wire Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP. 3. Remove the spark plug wires from the spark plugs. Refer to Spark Plug Wire Replacement . 4. Remove the spark plugs from the engine. Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP. 2. Loosen the 4 bolts and remove the engine cover. Fig. 117: Identifying Spark Plug & Wire Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP. 3. Remove the spark plug wires from the spark plugs. Refer to Spark Plug Wire Replacement . 4. Remove the spark plugs from the engine. Fig. 118: Identifying Spark Plug & Wire Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP. NOTE: Be sure plug threads smoothly into cylinder head and is fully seated. Use a thread chaser if necessary to clean threads in cylinder head. Cross- threading or failing to fully seat spark plug can cause overheating of plug, exhaust blow-by, or thread damage. Follow the recommended torque specifications carefully. Over or under-tightening can also cause severe damage to engine or spark plug. 2. Install the spark plugs to the engine. Tighten: Tighten the spark plugs to 25 N.m (18 lb ft). 3. Install the spark plug wires to the spark plugs. Refer to Spark Plug Wire Replacement . Fig. 119: Identifying Cover Screws Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP. 4. Install the engine cover and tighten the 4 bolts. Tighten: Tighten the engine cover bolts to 3 N.m (31 lb in).

Ford SVT Contour/ Mercury 2.5L V-6 Cougar (5 Speed Manual Transmission Only) Supercharger System Installation Manual

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1998-2000 FORD SVT CONTOUR/ MERCURY 2.5L V-6 COUGAR Installation Instructions For best performance and continued durability, please take note of the following key points: 1. Use only premium grade fuel 92 octane or higher (R+M/2). 2. The engine must have stock compression ratio. 3. If the engine has been modified in any way, check with Vortech prior to using this product. 4. Always listen for any sign of detonation (pinging) and discontinue hard use (no boost) until problem is resolved. 5. Perform an oil and filter change upon completion of this installation and prior to test driving your vehicle. Thereafter, always use a high grade SF rated engine oil or a high quality synthetic, and change the oil and filter every 3,000 miles or less. Never attempt to extend the oil change interval beyond 3,000 miles, regardless of oil manufacturer’s claims as potential damage to the supercharger may result. 6. Before beginning installation, replace all spark plugs that are older than 1 year or 10,000 miles with original heat range plugs as specified by the manufacturer and reset timing to factory specifications (follow the procedures indicated within the factory repair manual and/or as indicated on the factory underhood emissions tag). Do not use platinum spark plugs unless they are original equipment. Change spark plugs at least every 20,000 miles and spark plug wires at least every 50,000 miles. TOOL & SUPPLY REQUIREMENTS: •Factory Repair Manual •3/8″ Socket and Drive Set: SAE & Metric •1/2″ Socket and Drive Set: SAE & Metric •3/8″ NPT Tap and Handle •Adjustable Wrench •Open End Wrenches: 3/8″, 7/16″, 1/2″, 9/16″ •Center Punch •Ford Springlock 3/8″ Fuel Fitting Disconnect Tool •5 Quarts SH/CF Rated Quality Engine Oil •Oil Filter and Wrench •Flat #2 Screwdriver •Phillips #2 Screwdriver •Heavy Grease •Silicone Sealer •Drill Motor •1/8″, 3/16″, 27/64″ Drill Bits •9/16″ Rota Broach Tool (also available from Vortech) •Molylube •Wire Strippers and Crimpers •Utility Knife If your vehicle has in excess of 10,000 miles since its last spark plug change, then you will also need: •Spark Plug Socket •NEW Spark Plugs

2006 Ford Explorer Scheduled Maintenance Guide

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Scheduled Maintenance: 2006 Ford Explorer Driving Condition: Normal Condition Engine Displacement Transmission Fuel Cylinders Drivetrain 4.0 L Automatic Flexible 6 RWD ded Maintenance Mileage: Every 5,000 15 30 45 60 75 90 100 105 120 135 150 Value Package Price: See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer Change engine oil and replace oil filter (Up to 5 quarts of oil. Perform at specified mileage interval or every 6 months, whichever occurs first) – See dealer Perform multi-point inspection – See dealer Rotate and inspect tires; check wheel end play and turning noise – See dealer Inspect automatic transmission fluid level (if equipped with underhood dipstick) – See dealer Inspect brake pads/shoes/rotors/drums, brake lines and hoses, and parking brake system – See dealer Inspect engine cooling system and hoses – See dealer Inspect and lubricate all non-sealed steering linkage,ball joints,suspension joints,half and drive-shafts and u-joints – See dealer Inspect complete exhaust system and heat shields – See dealer Replace engine air filter – See dealer Replace fuel filter – See dealer Inspect 4×2 front wheel bearings; replace grease and grease seals, and adjust bearings – See dealer Change Premium Gold engine coolant – See dealer Inspect accessory drive belt(s) – See dealer Replace PCV valve – See dealer Replace spark plugs – See dealer Replace accessory drive belts (if not replaced within last 100,000 miles) – See dealer Replace rear axle lubricant – See dealer Change automatic transmission/transaxle fluid and filter – See dealer Notes: Prices are shown for illustrative purposes only and may vary based on required fluid quantities and other conditions. Information in this document is current as of January 07, 2010 and could change in the future.

1983 Mazda RX-7 GSL ENGINE COMPRESSION TESTING

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HIGH TENSION WIRE RESISTANCE Carefully remove high tension wires from spark plugs and distributor cap. Using an ohmmeter, measure resistance of wires while gently twisting wires. If resistance is not to specifications, or fluctuates from infinity to any value, replace high tension wire(s). HIGH TENSION WIRE RESISTANCE High Tension Wire Routing For high tension wire routing, see Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 . Fig. 3: Locating High Tension Wires On Distributor Cap Courtesy of MAZDA MOTORS CORP. ADJUSTMENTS DISTRIBUTOR All models are equipped with Mitsubishi electronic ignition with 2 pick-up coils. Air gap is non-adjustable IGNITION TIMING 1. Warm engine to normal operating temperature. Connect a tachometer, then connect timing light to leading (lower) spark plug of front rotor. Start engine and run at idle speed. 2. Check ignition timing and rotate distributor to correct if necessary. Tighten distributor lock nut and recheck timing. 3. Connect timing light to trailing (upper) plug of front rotor. Start engine and check timing. If not correct, loosen vacuum unit attaching screws. Move vacuum unit in or out to adjust trailing timing. Remove test equipment.

1996 Pontiac Grand Am DTC P0502 Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Circuit Low Input (3.1L VIN M) Service Manual

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Action Taken When the DTC Sets Conditions for Clearing the MIL/DTC Diagnostic Aids Test Description The numbers below refer to the step numbers on the diagnostic table. 2. This step verifies that the PCM is receiving a signal from the vehicle speed sensor. 3. This step verifies that there are no opens in the circuitry from the vehicle speed sensor to the PCM connector. 7. This step performs a resistance test on the VSS circuits from the PCM connector. • The transmission defaults to 3rd gear. • The PCM inhibits TCC operation. • The PCM illuminates the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL). • The PCM turns OFF the MIL after three consecutive ignition cycles without a failure reported. • A scan tool can clear the DTC from the PCM history. The PCM clears the DTC from the PCM history if the vehicle completes 40 warm-up cycles without a failure reported. • The PCM cancels the DTC default actions when the fault no longer exists and the ignition is OFF long enough in order to power down the PCM. • Check for PRNDL DTC P0705. DTC P0705 affects transmission operation. This may set DTC P0502 falsely. • Check for Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) in circuits 400 and 401. EMI may be induced if the harness is routed along the spark plug wires. • Inspect the wiring for poor electrical connections at the PCM. Inspect the wiring at the TCC brake switch. Look for the following conditions: – A bent terminal – A backed out terminal – A damaged terminal – Poor terminal tension – A chafed wire – A broken wire inside the insulation • When diagnosing for an intermittent short or open condition, massage the wiring harness while watching the test equipment for a change. • Ensure that the VSS is securely tightened to the case extension. DTC P0502 Vehicle Speed Sensor Circuit (VSS) Low Input