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ford 555b backhoe fuel injection pumps

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Ford 455C 555C 655C Tractor Loader Backhoe Service Manual

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Engine Systems Chapter 1 3-Cylinder Diesel Engine 3-Cylinder Diesel Engine – Description and Operation 3-Cylinder Diesel Engine – Overhaul Chapter 2 4-Cylinder Diesel Engine 4-Cylinder Diesel Engine – Description and Operation 4-Cylinder Diesel Engine – Overhaul Chapter 3 Cooling System Cooling System – 3-Cylinder Engine Description and Operation Cooling System – 4-Cylinder Engine Description and Operation Cooling System – Overhaul Chapter 4 Troubleshooting, Specifications and Special Tools Troubleshooting Specifications Special Tools Part 2 Fuel Systems Chapter 1 Fuel System – General Fuel System – Description and Operation Fuel System – Adjustments DPA Distributor Type Fuel Injection Pump Fuel System – Adjustments DPS Distributor Type Fuel Injection Pump Fuel System – Fuel Tanks, Filters and Fuel Lines Overhaul Chapter 2 Fuel Injection Pump – DPA Distributor Type Fuel Injection Pomp – Description and Operation Fuel Injection Pump – Overhaul Fuel Injection Pump – ISO Test Conditions Fuel Injection Pump – Test Procedures Chapter 3 Fuel Injection Pump – DPS Distributor Type Fuel Injection Pump – Description and Operation Fuel Injection Pump – Overhaul Fuel Injection Pump – ISO Test Conditions Fuel Injection Pump – Test Procedure Chapter 4 Injectors Ford 455C Injectors – Description and Operation Injectors – Overhaul Chapter 5 Injectors Ford 555C and 655C Injectors – Description and Operation Injectors – Overhaul Chapter 6 Air Cleaners Dry Type Air Cleaner – Description and Operation Dry Type Air Cleaner – Overhaul Chapter 7 Turbocharger Turbocharger – Description and Operation Turbocharger – Overhaul Chapter 8 Troubleshooting, Specifications, Test Plans and Special Tools Troubleshooting – Diesel Engines Troubleshooting – Turbocharger Specifications Special Tools Test Plans Part 3 Electrical System Chapter 1 Wiring, Lights and Controls Wiring, Lights and Controls – Description and Operation Wiring, Lights and Controls – Fault Finding and Repair Circuit Diagrams and Wiring Harness Chapter 2 Battery
Battery – Description and Operation Battery – Maintenance and Tests Chapter 3 Starting System Starting System – Description and Operation Starting Motor – Overhaul Chapter 4 Charging System – A127 55 Amp Alternator with Integral Regulator Charging System – A127 55 Amp Alternator with Integral Regulator – Description and Operation Charging System – A127 55 Amp Alternator with Integral Regulator – Service Precautions, Preliminary Checks, Initial Tests and Alternator Component Tests Charging System – A127 55 Amp Alternator with Integral Regulator – Overhaul Chapter 5 Troubleshooting, Specifications and Special Tools Troubleshooting Specifications Special Tools Part 4 Power Reversing Transmission Chapter 1 4×4 Fully Synchronized Power Reversing Transmission Power Reversing Transmission – Description and Operation Introduction to Overhauling the Transmission Gear Shift Lever, Modulator Unit and Solenoid Control Valve – Overhaul Front End Overhaul Complete Overhaul Component Overhaul Chapter 2 8X8 Fully Synchronized Power Reversing Transmission Power Reversing Transmission – Description and Operation Introduction to Overhauling the Transmission Gear Shift Lever, Modulator Unit, Lockup Valves and Solenoid Control Valve – Overhaul Front End Overhaul Complete Overhaul Component Overhaul

Rotary Fuel Pumps Timing to engine steps

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SMALL | MEDIUM | LARGE Previous Next Fuel Injection Pump (Distributor Type) The fuel injection pumps, Bosch® VE, Lucas CAV DPA, Stanadyne DB4, Lucas CAV DPS, and Delphi DP210, are rotary distributor pumps. These pumps perform the four basic functions of: 1. Producing the high fuel pressure required for injection 2. Metering the exact amount of fuel for each injection cycle 3. Distributing the high-pressure, metered fuel to each cylinder at the precise time 4. Varying the timing relative to engine speed. SMALL | MEDIUM | LARGE Previous Next Distributor-Type Pump Governor Balance between the governor flyweights and control lever position controls the metering of the amount of fuel to be injected. The fuel injection pump governor performance and setting can affect engine power. Special equipment and qualified personnel are required to verify governor performance. If the seals are broken on the external Bosch® VE adjustment screw, the fuel rate can, perhaps, be out of adjustment The Lucas CAV DPA/DPS fuel injection pump uses a coded spring connection to change the governor setting. Incorrect connection of the governor spring can affect performance. Adjustments and rating changes are described in the Master Repair Manual, Injector Pumps and Injectors, Manual Shutdown Levers Both fuel injection pumps are equipped with mechanical shutdown levers. These levers are spring-loaded in the run position. Not all applications will use these manual shutdown controls and there will be no cable or rod connected to the lever. NOTE: Partial actuation of the mechanical shutdown levers will affect fuel flow and engine power. SMALL | MEDIUM | LARGE Previous Next Advance Timing Mechanism Regulated pressure produced by a vane supply pump in both fuel injection pumps is used to advance the timing as the engine speed increases. A return spring is used to retard the timing as the engine speed is reduced. If a spring breaks, the timing will go to the advance position, resulting in torque loss, fuel knock, and possible engine overheating. Retarded (late) timing will result in torque loss, high fuel consumption, and white to black smoke. SMALL | MEDIUM | LARGE Previous Next The Lucas CAV DPA/DPS advance timing mechanism uses a check ball in the circuit which, if omitted during assembly, will result in no timing advance. If the fuel injection pump has been replaced or the mechanism has been removed to fix a leak, the problem can be that the check ball is missing

1984-1995 Honda Accord/Prelude In­Tank Fuel Pumps TEST/REPAIR MANUAL

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Carbureted Fuel System GENERAL INFORMATION On these vehicles, the engine management system is considered part of the emission control system. The major components include the carburetor(s), feedback control system, the air injection system, a throttle control system and the EGR system. The system consists of sensors and switches that feed information to the Electronic Control Unit (ECU), which will then operate several solenoid valves to maintain the ideal air/fuel ratio under all conditions. As useful as the tests found in this section are, the first step in repair or service to engine management systems is still to gain as much information as possible about the problem; when and under what conditions it occurs. At highway speed? At idle only? Only under heavy load or hard acceleration? Wet weather? Defining the problem will eliminate many systems from consideration and possibly point to the affected system. Before diving into an extended electrical diagnosis, take the time to review the basics. Check every vacuum line for cracks or leaks. Check every electrical connector for corrosion or loose pins. Quite often, simply unplugging and reconnecting a connector will break up corrosion on the pins and restore the circuit. Watch out for poor grounds, particularly if the car has experienced major bodywork. COMPONENT TESTING Air Injection System The purpose of this system is to supply oxygen to the exhaust stream at a point in the exhaust manifold that is hot enough to burn off some of the hydrocarbon emissions. The main component is an air suction valve. The valve is spring loaded to stay closed, with engine vacuum supplied to a diaphragm that reduces the spring pressure and allows the reeds to open. The ECU regulates the engine vacuum to the diaphragm by operating a solenoid valve. 1. With the engine at normal operating temperature and at idle, remove the air cleaner and listen for a bubbling sound at the air suction port. There should be no sound at idle, meaning the air suction valve is closed. 2. If the noise is heard at the air suction port, disconnect the vacuum hose at the air suction valve and connect a vacuum gauge to the hose. There should be no vacuum. If there is vacuum and the noise stops, the problem is in the control system. If there is no vacuum and the bubbling sound is still there, the air suction valve is defective and must be replaced. 3. To test the valve, draw a vacuum at the air suction valve diaphragm and listen for a bubbling sound at the air suction port. If no sound is heard, the air suction valve or diaphragm is faulty. Throttle Control System

2001 Ford F-150 Draining-Coalescer/ Pressure Relief-Natural Gas Bi-Fuel System Repair Manual

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1. Relieve the Bi-fuel system fuel pressure. For additional information, refer to Pressure Relief—Natural Gas Bi-Fuel System. 2. Raise the vehicle on the hoist. For additional information, refer to Section 100-02. 3. NOTE: There is an O-ring attached to the drain plug. The O-ring must be replaced each time the drain plug is removed. Remove the drain plug. 4. Install the drain plug. 5. Lower the vehicle. 6. Pressurize the fuel system. WARNING: It is important that your bi-fuel vehicle be correctly maintained by Ford bi-fuel trained personnel. If a concern occurs, it is important that correctly trained personnel diagnose the cause. If a concern relates to the fuel system, correct part replacement is imperative to keep your vehicle operating at normal performance. Bi-fuel components and gasoline specific components are not interchangeable. If your vehicle is not serviced in accordance with bi-fuel service procedures, damage can occur and your warranty may be invalidated. WARNING: Fuel supply lines are always pressurized. When servicing fuel related components, do not smoke or carry lighted tobacco or an open flame of any type. Flammable mixtures may be present and can ignite, resulting in personal injury. WARNING: The natural gas fuel system is always pressurized to 655 kPa (95 psi) downstream of the fuel pressure regulator and up to 24821 kPa (3,600 psi) upstream of the fuel pressure regulator. Use care when servicing the fuel system or personal injury can occur. WARNING: The natural gas fuel supply manifold is pressurized to 655 kPa (95 psi). Fuel pressure must be relieved prior to any fuel system service. WARNING: The fuel system pressure must be relieved before any component can be removed. The fuel tanks must be evacuated prior to tank removal. Removal of components without pressure relief or tank evacuation can cause natural gas to escape into the air and cause injury or death.

1997 Ford Explorer/ Mountaineer Intake Manifold Upper Repair Manual

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Intake Manifold — Upper 1. Disconnect the battery ground cable. 2. Remove the air cleaner outlet tube; refer to Section 303-12 3. Disconnect the ignition coil electrical connector and the noise suppressor electrical connector. 4. Disconnect the idle air control (IAC) electrical connector. 5. Disconnect the EGR backpressure transducer electrical connector. 6. Disconnect the EVR solenoid electrical and vacuum connectors. 7. Disconnect the brake booster vacuum hose from the upper intake manifold. 8. Disconnect the vacuum connector from the upper intake manifold 9. Disconnect the vacuum connector from the fuel pressure regulator and remove the vacuum harness from the engine. 10. Disconnect the throttle position (TP) sensor electrical connector. 11. Disconnect the hoses from the EGR backpressure transducer ports. 12. Disconnect the six spark plug wires from the spark plugs. 13. Disconnect the spark plug wires from the seven retaining clips. 14. Remove the four ignition coil bolts and the ignition coil from the upper intake manifold. 15. Raise and support the vehicle; refer to Section 100-02 . 16. Access the LH exhaust manifold through the wheel well and disconnect the EGR inlet tube from the exhaust manifold (9430). 17. Lower the vehicle. 18. Disconnect the EGR inlet tube from the EGR valve and remove the EGR inlet tube. 19. Remove the EGR valve bolts and the EGR valve and gasket. 20. Remove the oil level indicator tube bracket nut and remove the oil level indicator tube (6754). 21. Remove the EGR outlet tube bracket stud bolt and remove the EGR outlet tube from the upper intake manifold. 22. Disconnect the accelerator cable assembly from the upper intake manifold bracket. 23. Remove the upper intake manifold nuts and remove the upper intake manifold and gasket. Installation 1. NOTE: Before installing the upper intake manifold, the EGR port must be clean and free of obstruction. Use combustion chamber cleaner and a suitable wire brush to remove carbon buildup from the EGR passages. Clean and inspect all surfaces. Install new seals and new gaskets. Use Metal Surface Cleaner F4AZ-19A536-RA or equivalent meeting Ford specification WSE-M5B392-A to clean the upper and lower intake manifold gasket surfaces. Position the upper intake manifold gasket on the fuel injection supply manifold. 2. Position the upper intake manifold and install the six nuts.