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FORD, MERCURY, LINCOLN WHITE FLAKES COMING FROM A/ C VENTS SERVICE PROCEDURE

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FORD: 2007-2009 MKX 2005-2009 Focus 2008-2010 Crown Victoria MERCURY: 2000-2005 Expedition, F-150 2008-2010 Grand Marquis, Mariner Hybrid, 2007-2009 Edge Mariner 2008-2010 Escape Hybrid, Escape LINCOLN: 2008-2010 Town Car SERVICE PROCEDURE MAY BE NECESSARY TO TEMPORARILY START THE ENGINE TO ENABLE MODE DOOR Hazard and Risk Warnings for White Flakes MOVEMENT. WARNING Clean A/C Ducts: MAY CAUSE EYE AND RESPIRATORY TRACT 1. Remove floor duct trim. IRRITATION. PROLONGED REPEATED EXPOSURE MAY CAUSE BONE DAMAGE 2. Using masking tape, connect one end of the (FLUOROSIS) AND HARM TO THE vacuum cleaner hose to the floor duct on driver RESPIRATORY SYSTEM (BASED ON ANIMAL side. DATA). • Avoid inhaling dust. 3. Tape closed all the other floor duct openings. • Avoid contact with eyes. 4. Obtain about two feet (61 cm) of rubber • Store away from acids. vacuum line large enough to fit the end of a small shop air blowgun. Secure the hose to the • Wash thoroughly after handling. end of the blowgun using a worm clamp. • Avoid release to the environment. 5. Close all instrument panel registers. NOTE THE USE OF DUST PROOF GOGGLES, 6. Set temperature setting to full cold. CHEMICAL RESISTANT GLOVES (PVC) AND 7. Place mode in floor / panel. DUST MASK IS RECOMMENDED. 8. Turn on vacuum cleaner

2009 Ford Escape 3.0L INTERMITTENT CYLINDER HEAD CAMSHAFT KNOCK/ THUMP NOISE SERVICE PROCEDURE

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3.0L INTERMITTENT CYLINDER HEAD CAMSHAFT KNOCK/THUMP NOISE This article supersedes TSB 09-11-6 to update the b. Isolate noise to LH – Listen to the cylinders Service Procedure and Part List. 4 and 6 valve cover fasteners (number 6 is by the coolant pump). There will be a ISSUE significant difference in transmitted noise Some 2009 Escape and Mariner vehicles, equipped between the cylinder 4 and 6 fasteners with 3.0L engine, may exhibit an intermittent when noise is present. Noise from LH – go knocking or thumping type noise from the cylinder to Step 4. head. After engine temperature reaches 210-220 °F NOTE (99-104 °C), the noise is typically heard from the THE RH AND LH NOISES HAVE DIFFERENT rear of the engine as the vehicle comes to a stop. CAUSES. FOLLOW ALL STEPS CAREFULLY FOR An example would be coming to a stop at the end PROPER DIAGNOSIS AND REPAIR. of a highway exit ramp. Noise will continue 45-60 seconds and then diminish. Noise will occur again 3. Replace the RH cylinder head per Workshop once engine reaches 210-220 °F (99-104 °C) and Manual (WSM), Section 303-01B. vehicle comes to another stop. a. Verify repair by repeating Step 2. If noise is ACTION still present then proceed with normal Follow the Service Procedure steps to correct the engine NVH diagnostics per WSM, Section condition. 100-04. SERVICE PROCEDURE 4. Remove LH valve cover. Refer to WSM, Section 303-01. 1. Is noise a 45-60 second knock/thump from a hot engine as the vehicle comes to a stop? a. Rotate the engine clockwise until cylinder number 6 exhaust cam lobes are pointing a. Yes – Go to Step 2. up and valves are fully closed. Exhaust camshaft needs to be left in this position for b. No – Stop as this procedure does not apply. all bearing caps in Step 4b. (Figure 1) Proceed with normal Workshop Manual (WSM), Section 100-04 diagnostics. 2. Using Chassis Ears, isolate the noise to Right Hand (RH) (Bank 1) or Left Hand (LH) (Bank 2) cylinder head. Noise is typically heard as 45-60 second knock/thump as the vehicle comes to a stop after engine reaches 210-220 °F (99-104 °C). a. Isolate noise to RH – Listen to the cylinder head by the variable camshaft timing (VCT) solenoid connectors. There will also be a vibration felt at the VCT solenoid connector when noise is present. Noise from RH – go to Step 3.

1995-1997 FORD EXPLORER TRANSFER CASE BINDING OR SHUDDER DIAGNOSTICS VEHICLES WITH 4.0L ENGINE SERVICE TIP

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TRANSFER CASE BINDING OR SHUDDER DIAGNOSTICS VEHICLES WITH 4.0L ENGINE SERVICE TIP ISSUE to the Data Link Connector (DLC) underneath The diagnostic procedure for binding or shudder the steering wheel. Monitor for any Diagnostic from transfer case in slow, tight turns while in 4 Trouble Codes (DTCs) set by the transfer case Auto mode may be inaccurate for some vehicles. that could indicate incorrect speed sensor function. Codes could include, but are not ACTION limited to: Diagnose transfer case binding or shudder concerns using the following Diagnostic Procedure. •P1836 – Front propshaft sensor circuit failure •P1837 – Rear propshaft sensor circuit failure DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURE •P1874 – Hall effect sensor power short circuit to battery 1997 EXPLORER •P1875 – Hall effect sensor power circuit 1. Test drive the vehicle in 4 Auto, 4 High and 4 failure Low. Evaluate the vehicle in each of these NOTE modes. The vehicle should bind in turns in both ADDITIONAL CODES COULD BE SET AS WELL. 4 High and 4 Low, but not in 4 Auto. The 4 PLEASE REFER TO THE APPROPRIATE YEAR High mode is intended for severe winter EXPLORER SERVICE MANUAL FOR COMPLETE weather or off-road driving only. It is not LISTING AND EXPLANATION. intended for use on dry or merely wet pavement. 3. If any of the DTCs in the above Step 2 are set, remove the corresponding speed sensor and 2. Verify the instrument panel has the proper 4X4 replace accordingly. Drive the vehicle to verify if selection label (Figure 1). Proceed to 1995-97 the shudder/binding has been eliminated. Send Explorer heading, Step 1. replaced speed sensor to the Ford Warranty 1995-97 EXPLORER Parts Return Center, Canton, MI. NOTE 4. Using NGS Tester, monitor the Parameter 4 AUTO IS THE FAR LEFT SWITCH POSITION Identification Display (PID) on the transfer case ON 1997 MODELS AND IS THE MIDDLE clutch duty cycle. If the 4 Auto mode reads POSITION ON 1996 MODELS. something higher than one (1), verify speed sensors have not set any Generic Electronic 1. If during test driving, the vehicle shudders or Module (GEM) DTCs and follow the speed binds in 4 Auto during slow forward or reverse sensor diagnostic procedure in the above Step parking lot maneuvers, proceed to Step 2. 2. Verify the following while checking PID: Mode Duty Cycle Indicator 4 Auto 0 or 1 4 High 13 4 Low 38 at 5 MPH 5. If the speed sensor circuits are functional, inspect for water contamination in the transfer case oil

2000 Ford Ranger Cooling System Draining Filling and Bleeding Repair Manual

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NOTE: Less than 80% of the coolant capacity can be recovered with the engine in the vehicle. Dirty, rusty or contaminated coolant requires replacement. 1. Release the pressure in the cooling system by slowly turning the pressure relief cap one half to one turn counterclockwise to the first stop on the filler neck. When the pressure has been released, remove the pressure relief cap. 2. Raise and support the vehicle, For additional information, refer to Section 100-02 . 3. Remove the lower radiator cover. 4. Place a suitable container below the radiator draincock. Drain the coolant. 5. Close the radiator draincock when finished. Filling and Bleeding with RADKITPLUS 1. Using the special tool, install the RADKITPLUS and follow the RADKITPLUS manufacturer’s instructions to fill and bleed the cooling system. Filling without RADKITPLUS CAUTION: Engine coolant provides freeze protection, boil protection, cooling efficiency and corrosion protection to the engine and cooling components. In order to obtain these protections, the engine coolant must be maintained at the correct concentration and fluid level. When adding engine coolant, use a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and clean, drinkable water. To maintain the integrity of the coolant and the cooling system: * Add Motorcraft Premium Engine Coolant VC-4-A (in Oregon VC-5, in Canada CXC-10) or equivalent meeting Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A. * Do not add Motorcraft Specialty Engine Coolant such as VC-2 or an equivalent meeting Ford specification WSS-M97B44-D. Mixing coolants can degrade the coolant’s corrosion protection. * Do not add alcohol, methanol, or brine, or any engine coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze. These can cause engine damage from overheating or freezing. * Do not mix with recycled coolants unless they meet the requirements of Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A or WSS-M97B51-A1. Not all coolant recycling processes meet these Ford specifications. Use of such coolants can harm the engine and cooling system components. All engines 1. Install the lower radiator cover.

2008 Ford Taurus AWD V6-3.5L – Rear Brake Pads Removal And Installation Manual

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Removal WARNING: Do not use any fluid other than clean brake fluid meeting manufacturer’s specification. Additionally, do not use brake fluid that has been previously drained. Following these instructions will help prevent system contamination, brake component damage and the risk of serious personal injury. WARNING: Carefully read cautionary information on product label. For EMERGENCY MEDICAL INFORMATION seek medical advice. In the USA or Canada on Ford/Motorcraft products call: 1-800-959-3673. For additional information, consult the product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) if available. Failure to follow these instructions may result in serious personal injury. CAUTION: Brake fluid is harmful to painted and plastic surfaces. If brake fluid is spilled onto a painted or plastic surface, immediately wash it with water. CAUTION: Do not allow the brake fluid to come in contact with the adhesive backing on the brake pads. If brake fluid is spilled onto the brake pads, new pads must be installed. CAUTION: Use only specified brake parts cleaner. Use of other cleaners may leave a residue on the brake caliper preventing the brake pads adhesive surface from bonding with the brake caliper. 1. Remove the wheel and tire. 2. Check the brake fluid level in the brake fluid reservoir. * If required, remove fluid until the brake master cylinder reservoir is half full. 3. Remove the brake caliper bolts. 4. CAUTION: Do not use the brake caliper sight hole to retract the pistons as this may damage the pistons and boots. CAUTION: Do not allow the caliper to hang from the brake hose or damage to the hose may occur. CAUTION: Care must be taken when servicing rear brake components without disconnecting the parking brake cable from the brake caliper lever. Carefully position the caliper aside using a suitable support or damage to the parking brake cable end fittings may occur. Using hand force and a rocking motion, separate the brake caliper from the anchor plate. Position the brake caliper aside. * Support the caliper with mechanic’s wire. 5. CAUTION: When the brake pads are separated from the brake caliper , new brake pads must be installed to prevent brake noise. The brake pads are one-time use only. Remove and discard the brake pads and spring clips from the brake caliper anchor plate. 6. NOTE: Do not remove the anchor plate guide pins. The guide pins are press fit to the brake caliper anchor plate. If the guide pins are damaged a new anchor plate must be installed. Inspect the brake caliper anchor plate assembly. * Check the guide pins and boots for binding or damage. * Install a new brake caliper anchor plate if it is worn or damaged. Installation 1. NOTE: To move the piston back into the caliper, the LH piston is turned clockwise and the RH piston is turned counterclockwise. NOTE: A moderate to heavy force toward the caliper piston must be applied. If sufficient force is not applied, the internal park brake mechanism clutch cone will not engage and the piston will not compress. Using the special tool (or equivalent such as OTC tool 7317A), compress the brake caliper piston into its cylinder. 2. Clean the residual adhesive from the brake caliper fingers and pistons using the specified brake parts cleaner. 3. CAUTION: Do not allow grease, oil, brake fluid or other contaminants to contact the brake pad or caliper mating surface or damage to components may occur. Do not install contaminated pads. NOTE: Install all the new hardware supplied with brake pad kit. Install the new spring clips and brake pads. 4. Position the brake caliper and install the 2 bolts. * Tighten to 29 Nm (21 lb-ft). 5. If necessary, fill the brake fluid reservoir with clean, specified brake fluid. 6. With the vehicle engine running, apply 89-133 N (20-30 lb) of pressure on the brakes for approximately one minute, to make sure the brake pads adhere to the caliper before any contamination can be introduced. 7. Test the brakes for normal operation.