how to replace ball joint on 2002 mercury sable

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1997 Ford F-250/ 350/ Super Duty Steering Knuckle REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION MANUAL

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Filed Under (Ford Manuals) by admin on 13-06-2012

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Steering Knuckle Removal 1. Remove the front wheel spindle (3105) and the right and left shaft and joint assembly. Refer to Spindle, RH and LH Shaft and Joint Assembly in the Removal and Installation portion of this section. 2. Disconnect the steering linkage, if necessary, from the knuckle. Refer to Section 11-03 in the Body, Chassis Manual. Steering Knuckle Installation 3. Remove the cotter pin from the stud of the front suspension upper ball joint (3049). Loosen the nut on the top stud and the bottom nut inside the steering knuckle. Remove the top nut. 4. Sharply hit the top stud with a plastic or rawhide hammer to free the knuckle from the axle arm. Remove and discard bottom nut. 5. NOTE: Note the orientation of the camber adjuster to make sure of the same camber setting. Remove camber adjuster by hand or, if difficulty is encountered, use Pitman Arm Puller T64P-3590-F. 6. Place steering knuckle in vise and remove snap ring from bottom ball joint socket if so equipped. 7. Remove plug from U-Joint Tool T74P-4635-C and replace with Plug T80T-3010-A4 (part of 4WD Ball Joint Tool Set T80T-3010-A). 8. Assemble U-Joint Tool T74P-4635-C and Receiving Cup T80T-3010-A2 (part of 4WD Ball Joint Tool Set T80T-3010-A). 9. NOTE: Always remove front suspension lower ball joint first. Turn forcing screw clockwise until front suspension lower ball joint is removed from steering knuckle. 10. Repeat procedure and remove front suspension upper ball joint. Installation 1. Clean steering knuckle bore and insert front suspension lower ball joint as straight as possible. 2. NOTE: If ball joint cannot be installed to the proper depth, realign Receiving Cup T80T-3010-A3. To replace the front suspension lower ball joint, assemble U-Joint Tool, Receiving Cup T80T-3010-A3 (part of 4WD Ball Joint Tool Set T80T-3010-A) and Installing Cup from Ball Joint Adapter Set D81T-3010-A or equivalent. 3. Turn forcing screw clockwise until front suspension lower ball joint is firmly seated. 4. Install the snap ring on the front suspension lower ball joint. 5. To install front suspension upper ball joint, assemble the C-Frame, Receiving Cup T80T-3010-A3 and Replacer T80T-3010-A1 (both part of 4WD Ball Joint Tool Set T80T-3010-A). 6. Turn forcing screw clockwise until front suspension upper ball joint is firmly seated. 7. Assemble knuckle to axle arm assembly. Install camber adjuster on the stud of the front suspension upper ball joint with the arrow pointing outboard for positive camber, pointed inboard for negative camber. 8. Install new nut on bottom socket finger-tight. Install and tighten nut on top socket finger-tight. Tighten bottom nut to 47 Nm (35 lb-ft). 9. CAUTION: If the tightening sequence is not followed in this step and Step 10, ball joint life will be reduced. NOTE: Do not loosen top nut to install cotter pin. Tighten top nut to 136 Nm (100 lb-ft), then advance nut until castellation aligns with cotter pin hole. Install cotter pin. 10. Retighten bottom nut to 123-149 Nm (91-110 lb-ft). 11. Install the front wheel spindle and the right and left shaft and joint assembly as described in this section. 12. Connect steering linkage, if necessary, to the knuckle. Refer to Section 11-03 in the Body, Chassis Manual.

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2008 Honda Accord L4-2.4L Knuckle/ Hub Bearing Unit Replacement

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Filed Under (Honda Manuals) by admin on 19-11-2011

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Hub Bearing Unit Replacement 1. Raise the rear of the vehicle, and support it with safety stands in the proper locations. 2. Remove the wheel nuts, and the rear wheel. 3. Remove the brake hose mounting bolt (A). 4. Remove the brake caliper bracket mounting bolts (B), then remove the caliper assembly (C) from the knuckle. To prevent damage to the caliper assembly or brake hose, use a short piece of wire to hang the caliper assembly from the undercarriage. Do not twist the brake hose excessively. 5. Remove the two washers (A). NOTE: During installation, make sure the washers are installed between the brake caliper bracket and the knuckle. 6. Remove the rear brake disc. 7. Remove the hub bearing unit (A) and O-ring (B). 8. Check the hub bearing unit for damage and cracks. 9. Install the hub bearing unit in the reverse order of removal, and note these items: * Use a new O-ring on reassembly. * After installing the brake caliper, make sure the clearance between lower arm B and the parking brake cable is more than 5 mm (3/16 in.). * Before installing the brake disc, clean the mating surfaces of the hub bearing unit and the brake disc. * Before installing the wheel, clean the mating surfaces of the brake disc and the inside of the wheel. * Check the wheel alignment, and adjust it if necessary. Knuckle Replacement 1. Remove the hub bearing unit. 2. Remove the splash guard (A). 3. Remove the lock pin (A) from the upper arm ball joint, then remove the castle nut (B). NOTE: During installation, install the lock pin as shown after tightening the new nut. 4. Disconnect the upper arm ball joint from the knuckle using the ball joint remover. NOTE: * Be careful not to damage the ball joint boot when installing the remover. * During installation, to connect the ball joint, raise the suspension with a jack. 5. Remove the wheel speed sensor (A) from the knuckle. Do not disconnect the wheel speed sensor connector. 6. Remove the self-locking nut (A) while holding the joint pin (B) with a hex wrench (C), then disconnect the stabilizer link (D) from the knuckle, and remove the brake hose bracket (E). NOTE: Use a new self-locking nut during reassembly. 7. Remove the damper lower mounting bolt (F). NOTE: Use a new mounting bolt during reassembly. 8. Remove the control arm mounting self-locking nut (A) and washer (B). NOTE: Use a new self-locking nut during reassembly 9. Remove the lower arm mounting bolt (A), and the lower arm B mounting bolt (B), then remove the knuckle (C). NOTE: Use new mounting bolts during reassembly. 10. Install the knuckle in the reverse order of removal, and note these items: * First install all the components, and lightly tighten the bolts and nuts, then raise the suspension to load it with the vehicle’s weight before fully tightening to the specified torque values. * Be careful not to damage the ball joint boot when connecting the knuckle. * Before connecting the ball joint, degrease the threaded section and tapered portion of the ball joint pin, the ball joint connecting hole, and the threaded section and mating surface of the castle nut.

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Coil Spring Spacer Installation Instructions

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Filed Under (More Manuals) by admin on 24-12-2011

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1. Check to see that the spacer kit you purchased matches the year and model of your vehicle. Spacer kits two inches or taller may require a spring compressor to install. Ball joint and tie rod forks may also be useful. 2. A good portion of your front suspension will be disassembled so this would be a good time to replace any worn parts (i.e. tie rod ends, ball joints, idler arm and any bushings) Replace bushings with polyurethane replacement parts. 3. Jack up vehicle as high as possible using jack stands for support at all times. 4. With vehicle safely off the ground remove front tires. It is advisable to disassemble on side at a time so that you can use the other side as a reference for re-assembly in the event you get side tracked. 5. Remove the brake caliper from the rotor (attached with 2 bolts inside the caliper or with press-in clips depending on the vehicle). Do not remove the brake line from the caliper unless you intend to bleed the brakes at this time. Set the caliper aside or tie it up to the frame rail. Avoid pinching the brake line. 6. Remove the tie rod from the spindle using the proper tools. Do not hit the tie rod itself or the nut on the threaded portion of the tie rod or it may cause damaged and need replacing. 7. Remove the anti-sway bar from the lower control arm. This would be a good time to replace the end link bushings with polyurethane replacement bushings. 8. If your vehicle is equipped with anti-lock brakes you must now disconnect the front rotor sensor from the dust shield or spindle and set it aside. 9. Disconnect your shock absorber completely from the vehicle whether it is mounted inside the coil spring or not. 10. Support the lower control arm with jack just touching the arm. This will prevent it from dropping when the ball joint is disconnected. 11. The use of a coil spring compressor is recommended before the following steps are taken. 12. Disconnect the upper ball joint from the top of the spindle using the proper tools. Do not hit the ball joint or the threaded end of the ball joint. Once the ball joint is free the spindle should move easily. 13. Be careful when lowering the lower control arm. The coil spring is under high compression and may shoot out when released. Do not stand near the side of the truck during this step. Lower the jack so that the lower control arm swings down. If the coil spring has not fallen out on it’s own you may need to use a pry bar from the front of the vehicle to remove it. 14. Note which end of the coil spring is “bottom” for installation. Also note the depression in the lower control arm. It is important that the last winding of the coil spring fit into the indentation completely so that the vehicle will sit level. Do not switch coil springs from side to side as some vehicles have a specific “right” and “left” coil spring. 15. Check the coil spacer for proper fitment into the coil spring mount in the frame. The flat part of the spacer should face up and touch the top of the spring mount. Some vehicles have guiding tabs to center the coil spring in its top mount. These tabs may have become bent and need to be bent back to allow the spacer to properly fit in the mount. 16. Install the coil spring with the spacer on top of it. If used the coil spring compressor should still be on the spring in a compressed state. If it is not you may need to compress the spring before re-installing. Make sure the spacer is centered in the upper mount and the bottom of the spring is properly nested in the receptor groove on the lower control arm. If you are installing a two-inch or taller spacer you may need a spring compressor. Follow all safety rules when installing the coil spring as it will be under extreme compression. 17. Raise the lower control arm with a jack once the coil spring and spacer are properly lined up. Raise until the spindle is high enough to bolt on the upper ball joint. Before bolting on the upper ball joint make sure the brake caliper and brake line are where they need to be since some brake lines run inside the spindle and outside the coil spring. 18. With the upper ball joint tight and a cotter pin re-installed you may now remove the jack from under the lower control arm. 19. Assemble all of the components previously removed (sway bar with new polyurethane bushings, tie rod ends with polyurethane grease boot, brake caliper and anti-lock sensor). Don’t forget the shock with a new colored boot while it is off. 20. Repeat instructions for other side. 21. After properly installing both spacers you can install your front tires and lower vehicle back to the ground. 22. Your vehicle may sit too high at first because the suspension needs to settle. Carefully back the vehicle up and drive forward a few times using the brakes frequently. Park on level ground and check out your lift. 23. The vehicle will now require a front wheel alignment. Failure to do so may result in severe wear on your tires and may pull to one direction

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1991 Infiniti G20 AXLE SHAFTS – FRONT REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION MANUAL

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Filed Under (Infiniti Manuals) by admin on 13-02-2012

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION FWD AXLE SHAFT Removal (Axle Shaft) 1. Raise and support vehicle. Remove front wheel assembly. Remove wheel bearing lock nut. Remove brake caliper, and support aside. Remove brake rotor. 2. Disconnect tie rod end. Remove upper knuckle nut, and separate knuckle assembly from third link assembly. Push axle shaft through hub, and separate axle assembly from knuckle assembly. 3. Insert screwdriver blade between transaxle case and right axle inner CV joint. Pry out on joint until joint pops free. Use care not to damage axle boot or axle seal. 4. On M/T vehicles, remove left axle in same manner. On A/T vehicles, insert screwdriver through differential, and drive axle out of transaxle case using a hammer. See Fig. 2 . PROBLEM Possible Cause/Action GREASE LEAKING Ripped CV Boot Replace Boot CLICKING NOISE WHILE CORNERING Dry/Worn CV Joints Replace Outer CV Joints CLUNK ON ACCELERATION Dry/Worn CV Joints Replace Inner CV Joints Worn Transmission Gears/Bearings Inspect Transmission VIBRATION/SHUDDER ON ACCELERATION Dry/Worn CV Joints Replace CV Joints Alignment Out Check Alignment Incorrect Spring Height Check Spring Height SQUEALING OR HUMMING Dry/Worn CV Joints Lube/Replace CV Joints Faulty Wheel Bearing Replace Wheel Bearing NOTE: DO NOT allow brake caliper to hang from brake hose. CAUTION: Use care not to damage pinion mate shaft or side gear while driving out axle. 1991 Infiniti G20 AXLE SHAFTS – FRONT’ ’1991-92 DRIVE AXLES FWD Axle Shafts None Page 2
Fig. 2: Removing Left Drive Axle (A/T Vehicles) Courtesy of NISSAN MOTOR CO., U.S.A. Removal (Outer CV Joint) 1. Remove and discard boot bands. Slide boot off joint housing. Thread wheel bearing lock nut onto joint. Using a slide hammer and bearing puller, remove joint from axle shaft. See Fig. 3 . NOTE: Outer joint cannot be disassembled. Remove and inspect joint and replace if damaged or worn. 1991 Infiniti G20 AXLE SHAFTS – FRONT’ ’1991-92 DRIVE AXLES FWD Axle Shafts None Page 3 2. Remove circlip from end of axle, and remove boot. If boot is being reused, take care not to cut boot on axle splines during removal. Clean CV joint in suitable solvent. Inspect components, and replace joint if necessary.

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Ball Joint Spacers for IFS Suspension

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Filed Under (More Manuals) by admin on 20-12-2011

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1) Block rear wheels, place front end of truck on jack stands supported on the frame and remove the front wheels. 2) Remove the original upper ball joint hardware. 3) Knock the studs out of the ball joint with a small hammer. This is done most easily if the joint is pressed against the arm supported with a floor jack. 4) Remove the factory shock. 5) Trim the lip. An angle grinder with a cut-off wheel or a small reciprocating saw works well. Trim enough to allow installation of the spacer. 6) Put the spacer in place, NOTCH FACING DOWNWARD and, using a floor jack to control arm height, align the ball joint and install the hardware. The notch acts as a weep hole to let any water that gets in from above drain out to prevent the ball joint from rusting out. 7) Tighten ball joint hardware using the provided nylon lock nuts. 8) Install new extended length shock. 9) Repeat for other side. 10) Re-install the wheels. 11) If the end of the upper control arm is too close to the tire at this point, there are a few options: • You can replace your wheels with a higher off-set. • You can add a 1/4″ wheel spacer to move the wheel/tire away from the suspension. 12) Put the vehicle back on the ground. 13) For low profile bump stops only: • Shim them approx. 1/2″ with some washers or use stock bump stops. • Failure to do so could result in damage to CV joints, shocks, or other components 14) Even with stock bump stops, you may experience some CV axle binding. • To check, let the suspension hang’ at full droop. • Rotate each CV axle shaft by hand and check for any binding at the CV joints. • If felt, several options to fix it are available: o Add some shims for the low profile bump stops. o Or install a front differential drop kit to lower the differential and thus lessen the CV joint angles.

Toyota Front Coil Spring Spacer Lift Kit Installation Manual

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Filed Under (Toyota Manuals) by admin on 22-12-2011

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INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS FRONT 1. Read complete instructions before beginning installation, the following special tools are recommended: Coil spring compressor, floor jack, ball joint separator, jack stands, bench vise, and metric hand tools. 2. Jack the vehicle in the center of the front cross member. 3. Support the vehicle by placing jack stands on the frame cross member so that the front tire/wheels are off the ground. 4. Remove the front tires/wheels. 5. Disconnect the sway bar end links and remove the upper ball joint cotter pin and nut. 6. Separate the upper ball joint from the spindle. (Using ball joint separator or a suitable tool, be careful NOT to damage the ball joint boot) 7. Remove upper strut tower nuts holding strut assembly to strut tower (3) on each side of vehicle. 8. Remove the lower strut bolt from the lower control arm and remove the strut assembly from the vehicle. (Note the direction of the bolt for reinstallation) 9. Compress the coil spring on the strut assembly with a suitable coil spring compressor so that the coil spring has about 3/8″ play in the strut and remove the upper strut isolator mount nut. 10. Remove the coil spring isolator from the upper strut mounting plate. 11. Replace the upper strut mounting plate studs with the supplied studs with a bench vise and a deep well socket. (3 on each side) 12. Reinstall the factory coil spring isolator to the upper strut mounting plate. 13. Reinstall the compressed coil spring onto the strut assembly and reattach the upper strut mount plate using the stock hardware. See diagram. Torque upper strut mounting plate nut to 18 foot-pounds. 14. Decompress the coil spring in the strut assembly. Make sure that the spring is seated correctly into the strut assembly alignment indentation at the bottom of the strut and the top isolator. 15. Slide the coil spring spacer onto the top of the strut assembly over the 10mm studs. 16. Install the strut assembly into the strut tower and start the upper three 10mm lock nuts. (Make sure that the bottom of the strut is aligned as well) 17. Install the lower strut bolt in the original position and torque to 100 foot- pounds. (Step 8) 18. Using the floor jack, raise the lower control arm and connect the upper ball joint on the upper control arm to the spindle. Torque nut to 80 ft lbs. and make sure that you replace the cotter pin. (Not supplied) 19. Install the front tires/wheels. 20. Lower the vehicle onto the ground and tighten the upper strut tower 10mm nuts. Torque to 35 foot-pounds. (3 on each side) 21. RETORQUE ALL BOLTS AFTER 500 MILES.

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2006 Ford Explorer Scheduled Maintenance Guide

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Filed Under (Ford Manuals) by admin on 12-02-2012

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Scheduled Maintenance: 2006 Ford Explorer Driving Condition: Normal Condition Engine Displacement Transmission Fuel Cylinders Drivetrain 4.0 L Automatic Flexible 6 RWD ded Maintenance Mileage: Every 5,000 15 30 45 60 75 90 100 105 120 135 150 Value Package Price: See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer See Dealer Change engine oil and replace oil filter (Up to 5 quarts of oil. Perform at specified mileage interval or every 6 months, whichever occurs first) – See dealer Perform multi-point inspection – See dealer Rotate and inspect tires; check wheel end play and turning noise – See dealer Inspect automatic transmission fluid level (if equipped with underhood dipstick) – See dealer Inspect brake pads/shoes/rotors/drums, brake lines and hoses, and parking brake system – See dealer Inspect engine cooling system and hoses – See dealer Inspect and lubricate all non-sealed steering linkage,ball joints,suspension joints,half and drive-shafts and u-joints – See dealer Inspect complete exhaust system and heat shields – See dealer Replace engine air filter – See dealer Replace fuel filter – See dealer Inspect 4×2 front wheel bearings; replace grease and grease seals, and adjust bearings – See dealer Change Premium Gold engine coolant – See dealer Inspect accessory drive belt(s) – See dealer Replace PCV valve – See dealer Replace spark plugs – See dealer Replace accessory drive belts (if not replaced within last 100,000 miles) – See dealer Replace rear axle lubricant – See dealer Change automatic transmission/transaxle fluid and filter – See dealer Notes: Prices are shown for illustrative purposes only and may vary based on required fluid quantities and other conditions. Information in this document is current as of January 07, 2010 and could change in the future.

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2002 Land Rover Freelander (LN) V6-2.5L Automatic Transmission/Transaxle Service and Repair Manual

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Filed Under (Land Rover Manuals) by admin on 11-07-2012

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Automatic Transmission/Transaxle: Service and Repair Gearbox – KV6 – NAS Models JATCO Gearbox – KV6 – NAS models Remove 1. Position the vehicle on a twin-post lift. 2. Tie bonnet back in upright position. 3. Disconnect battery earth lead. 4. Remove engine acoustic cover. 5. Release HO2S multiplug from support bracket on LH camshaft cover, disconnect multiplug. 6. Raise vehicle on lift. 7. Remove rear beam. 8. Remove RH catalytic converter 2002 Land Rover Freelander (LN) V6-2.5L Copyright © 2010, ALLDATA 10.20 Page 3 12. Remove bolt securing front pipe to bracket and remove front pipe. Discard gasket. 13. Remove 3 screws securing LH splash shield and remove shield 14. Release HO2S lead from clip on cylinder block. Remove 4 nuts securing exhaust manifold to cylinder head, remove manifold and discard gasket. 15. Drain fluid from IRD. 16. Drain gearbox fluid. 17. FitLRT-54-026 to the RH drive shaft inboard joint. 18. Using a suitable lever, release drive shaft from IRD. 19. With assistance, pull hub outwards and release drive shaft from IRD. CAUTION: Care must be taken not to damage oil seal when removing drive shaft from IRD. CAUTION: To avoid damage to gaiter or joint, do not allow shaft to hang on joint. 20. Remove LRT-54-026 from RH drive shaft inboard joint.

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Low Engine Coolant Level Indicator Always On (Diagnose Low Coolant Level System Operation/Check Sensor for Oil Contamination)

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Filed Under (More Manuals) by admin on 19-05-2012

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2000-2002 Buick Century, Regal 2000-2001 Chevrolet Lumina 2000-2002 Chevrolet Impala, Monte Carlo 2000-2002 Pontiac Grand Prix 2000-2002 Oldsmobile Intrigue 1. Verify that the coolant is at proper level in the radiator and the coolant recovery bottle. If the coolant is low, add proper amount of 50/50 water and DEX-COOL® mixture. If the low coolant light operates properly, diagnose the cooling system for loss of coolant as outlined in SI. DO NOT proceed further with this bulletin. 2. Remove the low coolant level sensor. Refer to Coolant Level Module Replacement in the Engine Cooling sub-section. 3. With the key on, the engine off and the coolant level sensor disconnected from the vehicle wiring harness, observe the low coolant light: Subject: Low Engine Coolant Level Indicator Always On (Diagnose Low Coolant Level System Operation/Check Sensor for Oil Contamination) Models: 2000-2002 Buick Century, Regal 2000-2001 Chevrolet Lumina 2000-2002 Chevrolet Impala, Monte Carlo 2000-2002 Pontiac Grand Prix 2000-2002 Oldsmobile Intrigue • Light is on — Chassis wiring or instrument cluster concern. Follow the appropriate diagnostic information in SI. • 4. With the key off, connect the coolant level sensor into the vehicle’s wiring harness. Connect a ground wire (1) to the battery negative terminal. Using a sharp probe (3) attached to the ground wire, ground the coolant sensor probe (2) as shown in the illustration. Make sure a good contact is made. With the key on and the engine off, observe the low coolant light for at least 15 seconds. 5. Using a small wire brush or emery cloth, polish the low coolant level sensor probe to remove any film or oxidation. The probe should be a bright brass color when finished. Use Brake Parts Cleaner to flush removed deposits from the low coolant sensor probe. Reinstall the low coolant sensor into the vehicle and proceed to Step 6. 6. Flush the cooling system and install new DEX-COOL® mixture as outlined in the SI. Check the vehicle’s warranty history to determine if any engine gasket had recently been changed. If there has not been a recent gasket replacement, locate and repair the source of the engine oil contamination

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2002 Pontiac Grand Prix GT THERMOSTAT REPLACEMENT (3.1 L) MANUAL

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Filed Under (Pontiac Manuals) by admin on 08-05-2012

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THERMOSTAT REPLACEMENT (3.1 L) Tools Required J 38185 Hose Clamp Pliers Removal Procedure 1. Remove the air cleaner intake duct. Refer to AIR CLEANER INTAKE DUCT . 2. Partially drain the cooling system. Refer to Draining and Filling Cooling System . 3. Use the J 38185 in order reposition the hose clamp from the water outlet housing. 4. Remove the radiator inlet hose from the water outlet housing. 5. Remove the exhaust crossover pipe. Refer to EXHAUST CROSSOVER PIPE REPLACEMENT (3.1L) or EXHAUST CROSSOVER PIPE REPLACEMENT (3.8L) Fig. 74: Radiator Inlet Hose & Water Outlet Housing Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP. 6. Remove the water outlet housing bolts. 7. Remove the water outlet housing and gasket. Fig. 75: Water Outlet Housing & Bolts Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP. 8. Remove the thermostat. 9. Clean the water outlet housing mating surfaces Fig. 76: Thermostat & Water Outlet Housing Courtesy of GENERAL MOTORS CORP. Installation Procedure 1. Install the thermostat. 3. Install the water outlet housing bolts. Tighten Tighten the water outlet housing bolts to 25 N.m (18 Ib ft). 4. Install the exhaust crossover pipe. Refer to EXHAUST CROSSOVER PIPE REPLACEMENT (3.1L) or EXHAUST CROSSOVER PIPE REPLACEMENT (3.8L) . 5. Install the radiator inlet hose to the water outlet housing.

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