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1989-1996 Dodge Dakota Trucks COIL Ignition Tests Manual

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Dakota Trucks 1989-1996 Ignition Tests COIL The ignition coil for the vehicles covered by this guide is in the following locations: • 1989-92 engines: mounted to the firewall • 1993-96 2.5L engines: mounted on the thermostat housing in front of the coolant temperature sensor • 1993-96 V6 and V8 LDC engines: mounted to a bracket bolted to the right engine cylinder head • 1993-96 5.9L HDC engines: mounted to a bracket bolted to the air injection pump (AIR pump) mounting bracket. Fig. 2: Ignition coil mounting-all 1989-92 models Fig. 3: Ignition coil wiring and mounting hardware-1993- 96 2.5L engine 1. Inspect the ignition coil for arcing while the engine is running. If the engine will not start, this can be performed while the engine is cranked by either an assistant or a remote starter. Look at the coil in dim or low light to aid visibility of any arcing. Fig. 4: Ignition coil mounting-1993-96 3.9L and 5.2L/5.9L LDC engines 2. Arcing at the tower will carbonize the wire boot, which, if it is connected to a new ignition coil, will cause the coil to fail. In such cases, clean all the carbonization away or replace the components as necessary. Fig. 5: Ignition coil mounting-1993-96 5.9L HDC engine 3. Using a coil tester or ohmmeter according to the manufacturer’s instructions, test the primary and secondary resistance. Replace any coil that does not meet the specifications indicated in the accompanying chart. 4. Inspect the secondary coil wire for any sign of damage. Replace if any damage is found. Carbon tracking on the old wire can cause arcing and the failure of a new ignition coil. REMOVAL & INSTALLATION 1989-92 Models See Figures 6 and 7 1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. 2. Disconnect the three wires from the coil. Mark them to identify for installation. Fig. 6: Remove the coil bracket bolt at the cowl Fig. 7: Unscrew the coil mounting hardware, then remove the coil from the vehicle 3. Unplug the condenser suppressor connector from the coil, if equipped. 4. Unbolt and remove the coil. To install: 5. Bolt down the coil with old bolts. 6. Connect wires to coil making sure that the proper wires are connected where they should be. 7. Connect the condenser suppressor, if equipped. 8. Connect the battery negative cable Removal and Installation V6 AND V8 ENGINES 1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. 2. Disconnect the primary wiring from the ignition coil. 3. Disconnect the secondary spark plug wire from the coil. 4. Remove the two bolts and withdraw the coil from its mounting bracket. To install:
5. Position the coil on its bracket and install the two bolts. Tighten them to 100 inch lbs. (11 Nm). If the bracket has been tapped for coil mounting bolts, these fasteners require less torque, so tighten them to 50 inch lbs. (5 Nm). 6. Connect all wiring to the ignition coil. TESTING See Figure 1 The only test you can perform without a DRBII scan tool, or equivalent, is a basic check of the sensor only.

1998 Dodge Grand Caravan Fuel Pump Relay Removal And Installation Manual

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Fuel Pump Relay 1. Remove fuel pump relay from power distribution center at driver’s side front corner of engine compartment, near the battery. Note terminal identification on fuel pump relay. See Fig. 6 . 2. To check fuel pump relay resistance, use ohmmeter and check resistance between terminals No. 85 and 86 on fuel pump relay. Replace fuel pump relay if resistance is not 70-80 ohms. 3. To check fuel pump relay operation, connect ohmmeter between terminals No. 30 and 87A on fuel pump relay. See Fig. 6 . Ohmmeter should indicate continuity between terminals No. 30 and 87A on fuel pump relay. 4. Connect ohmmeter between terminals No. 30 and 87 on fuel pump relay. See Fig. 6 . Ohmmeter should indicate no continuity between terminals No. 30 and 87 on fuel pump relay. 5. Connect 16-gauge jumper wire between negative battery terminal and terminal No. 85 on fuel pump relay. Connect 16-gauge jumper wire between positive battery terminal and terminal No. 86 on fuel pump relay. 6. Fuel pump relay should now be energized. No continuity should now exist between terminals No. 30 and 87A on fuel pump relay. Continuity should now exist between terminals No. 30 and 87 on fuel pump relay. Disconnect jumper wires. Replace fuel pump relay if defective. 7. If fuel pump relay or wiring circuit failure exists, a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) will be stored in Powertrain Control Module (PCM). See appropriate G – TESTS W/CODES article. Fig. 6: Identifying ASD Relay & Fuel Pump Relay Terminals Courtesy of CHRYSLER CORP.

Ford 455C 555C 655C Tractor Loader Backhoe Service Manual

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Engine Systems Chapter 1 3-Cylinder Diesel Engine 3-Cylinder Diesel Engine – Description and Operation 3-Cylinder Diesel Engine – Overhaul Chapter 2 4-Cylinder Diesel Engine 4-Cylinder Diesel Engine – Description and Operation 4-Cylinder Diesel Engine – Overhaul Chapter 3 Cooling System Cooling System – 3-Cylinder Engine Description and Operation Cooling System – 4-Cylinder Engine Description and Operation Cooling System – Overhaul Chapter 4 Troubleshooting, Specifications and Special Tools Troubleshooting Specifications Special Tools Part 2 Fuel Systems Chapter 1 Fuel System – General Fuel System – Description and Operation Fuel System – Adjustments DPA Distributor Type Fuel Injection Pump Fuel System – Adjustments DPS Distributor Type Fuel Injection Pump Fuel System – Fuel Tanks, Filters and Fuel Lines Overhaul Chapter 2 Fuel Injection Pump – DPA Distributor Type Fuel Injection Pomp – Description and Operation Fuel Injection Pump – Overhaul Fuel Injection Pump – ISO Test Conditions Fuel Injection Pump – Test Procedures Chapter 3 Fuel Injection Pump – DPS Distributor Type Fuel Injection Pump – Description and Operation Fuel Injection Pump – Overhaul Fuel Injection Pump – ISO Test Conditions Fuel Injection Pump – Test Procedure Chapter 4 Injectors Ford 455C Injectors – Description and Operation Injectors – Overhaul Chapter 5 Injectors Ford 555C and 655C Injectors – Description and Operation Injectors – Overhaul Chapter 6 Air Cleaners Dry Type Air Cleaner – Description and Operation Dry Type Air Cleaner – Overhaul Chapter 7 Turbocharger Turbocharger – Description and Operation Turbocharger – Overhaul Chapter 8 Troubleshooting, Specifications, Test Plans and Special Tools Troubleshooting – Diesel Engines Troubleshooting – Turbocharger Specifications Special Tools Test Plans Part 3 Electrical System Chapter 1 Wiring, Lights and Controls Wiring, Lights and Controls – Description and Operation Wiring, Lights and Controls – Fault Finding and Repair Circuit Diagrams and Wiring Harness Chapter 2 Battery
Battery – Description and Operation Battery – Maintenance and Tests Chapter 3 Starting System Starting System – Description and Operation Starting Motor – Overhaul Chapter 4 Charging System – A127 55 Amp Alternator with Integral Regulator Charging System – A127 55 Amp Alternator with Integral Regulator – Description and Operation Charging System – A127 55 Amp Alternator with Integral Regulator – Service Precautions, Preliminary Checks, Initial Tests and Alternator Component Tests Charging System – A127 55 Amp Alternator with Integral Regulator – Overhaul Chapter 5 Troubleshooting, Specifications and Special Tools Troubleshooting Specifications Special Tools Part 4 Power Reversing Transmission Chapter 1 4×4 Fully Synchronized Power Reversing Transmission Power Reversing Transmission – Description and Operation Introduction to Overhauling the Transmission Gear Shift Lever, Modulator Unit and Solenoid Control Valve – Overhaul Front End Overhaul Complete Overhaul Component Overhaul Chapter 2 8X8 Fully Synchronized Power Reversing Transmission Power Reversing Transmission – Description and Operation Introduction to Overhauling the Transmission Gear Shift Lever, Modulator Unit, Lockup Valves and Solenoid Control Valve – Overhaul Front End Overhaul Complete Overhaul Component Overhaul

Rotary Fuel Pumps Timing to engine steps

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SMALL | MEDIUM | LARGE Previous Next Fuel Injection Pump (Distributor Type) The fuel injection pumps, Bosch® VE, Lucas CAV DPA, Stanadyne DB4, Lucas CAV DPS, and Delphi DP210, are rotary distributor pumps. These pumps perform the four basic functions of: 1. Producing the high fuel pressure required for injection 2. Metering the exact amount of fuel for each injection cycle 3. Distributing the high-pressure, metered fuel to each cylinder at the precise time 4. Varying the timing relative to engine speed. SMALL | MEDIUM | LARGE Previous Next Distributor-Type Pump Governor Balance between the governor flyweights and control lever position controls the metering of the amount of fuel to be injected. The fuel injection pump governor performance and setting can affect engine power. Special equipment and qualified personnel are required to verify governor performance. If the seals are broken on the external Bosch® VE adjustment screw, the fuel rate can, perhaps, be out of adjustment The Lucas CAV DPA/DPS fuel injection pump uses a coded spring connection to change the governor setting. Incorrect connection of the governor spring can affect performance. Adjustments and rating changes are described in the Master Repair Manual, Injector Pumps and Injectors, Manual Shutdown Levers Both fuel injection pumps are equipped with mechanical shutdown levers. These levers are spring-loaded in the run position. Not all applications will use these manual shutdown controls and there will be no cable or rod connected to the lever. NOTE: Partial actuation of the mechanical shutdown levers will affect fuel flow and engine power. SMALL | MEDIUM | LARGE Previous Next Advance Timing Mechanism Regulated pressure produced by a vane supply pump in both fuel injection pumps is used to advance the timing as the engine speed increases. A return spring is used to retard the timing as the engine speed is reduced. If a spring breaks, the timing will go to the advance position, resulting in torque loss, fuel knock, and possible engine overheating. Retarded (late) timing will result in torque loss, high fuel consumption, and white to black smoke. SMALL | MEDIUM | LARGE Previous Next The Lucas CAV DPA/DPS advance timing mechanism uses a check ball in the circuit which, if omitted during assembly, will result in no timing advance. If the fuel injection pump has been replaced or the mechanism has been removed to fix a leak, the problem can be that the check ball is missing

1993 Ford Escort CIRCUIT TEST J – FUEL PUMP CIRCUIT (RELAY AND INERTIA SWITCH)

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resistance between test pin No. 22 and test pins No. 40 and 60. If resistance is less than 10,000 ohms, repair short circuit and repeat QUICK TEST. If resistance is 10,000 ohms or more, go to step 5). 5)Check Fuel Pump Circuit Continuity Turn ignition off. Leave fuel pump relay and PCM disconnected. Measure resistance between FUEL PUMP circuit at fuel pump relay wiring harness connector and test pin No. 22 at breakout box. If resistance is less than 5 ohms, replace PCM and repeat QUICK TEST. If resistance is 5 ohms or more, repair open circuit and repeat QUICK TEST. 10)Code 95/542 A KOEO Code 95/542 indicates one of the following conditions: Engine Starts: * Fuel pump secondary circuit shorted to power. * Fuel pump relay contacts always closed. * Open FPM circuit between PCM and junction to POWER-TO-PUMP circuit. * Left/front HO2S short to power (dual HO2S applications). * Faulty PCM. No Start: * IFS switch circuit open or not reset. * Open circuit in or between PCM and fuel pump. * Faulty ground connection at fuel pump. * Faulty fuel pump. If engine starts, go to step 11). If engine does not start, go to step 15). 11)Check Fuel Pump Operation Turn ignition on. Wait 5 seconds. Listen for fuel pump operation. If fuel pump is off, go to step 13). If fuel pump is on, go to step 12). 12)Check For Fuel Pump Relay Always Closed Turn ignition off. Disconnect fuel pump relay. Turn ignition on. If fuel pump is off with relay disconnected, replace fuel pump relay and repeat QUICK TEST. If fuel pump is on with relay disconnected, repair short to power in POWER-TO-PUMP or FPM circuit. (For models with relay block, also check fuel pump prime plug circuit). Repeat QUICK TEST. 13)Check Continuity Of Fuel Pump Monitor (FPM) Circuit Turn ignition off. Disconnect PCM 60-pin connector. Inspect and repair any damaged terminals. Install EEC-IV Breakout Box (T83L-50-EEC-IV) , leaving PCM disconnected. Disconnect fuel pump relay. Measure resistance between test pin No. 8 (No. 19 on Escort, and Tracer) at breakout box and POWER-TO-PUMP circuit at fuel pump relay wiring harness connector. If resistance is less than 5 ohms, go to step 25) (dual HO2S) or replace PCM and repeat QUICK TEST (single HO2S). If resistance is 5 ohms or more, repair open circuit and repeat QUICK TEST