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1993 Ford Crown Victoria V8-281 4.6L SOHC Engine – Lean Driveability Symptoms Manual

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1. Look at the BARO PID. Refer to the Barometric Pressure Reference Chart in this article. At sea level, BARO should read about 159 Hz (29.91 in. Hg). As a reference, Denver, Colorado at 1524 meters (5000 ft.) altitude should be about 144 Hz (24.88 in.Hg). Normal learned BARO variability is up to +/- 6 Hz (+/- 2 in. Hg.). If BARO indicates a higher altitude than you are not at (7 or more Hz lower than expected), you may have MAF contamination. If available, Service Bay Diagnostic System (SBDS) has a Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor that can be used as a barometric pressure reference. Use “MAP/BARO” test under “Powertrain,” “Testers and Meters.” Ignore the hookup screen. Connect GP2 to the reference MAP on the following screen. 2. On a fully warmed up engine, look at Long Term Fuel Trim at idle, in Neutral, A/C off, (LONGFT1 and/or LONGFT2 PIDs). If it is more negative than -12%, the fuel system has learned lean corrections which may be due to the MAF sensor over-estimating air flow at idle. Note that both Banks 1 and 2 will exhibit negative corrections for 2-bank system. If only one bank of a 2-bank system has negative corrections, the MAF sensor is probably not contaminated. 3. On a fully warmed up engine, look at MAF voltage at idle, in Neutral, A/C off (MAF V PID). If it’s 30% greater than the nominal MAF V voltage listed in the Powertrain Control/Emissions Diagnosis (PC/ED) Diagnostic Value Reference Charts for your vehicle, or greater than 1.1 volts as a rough guide, the MAF sensor is over-estimating air flow at idle. 4. If at least tow of the previous three steps are true, proceed to disconnect the MAF sensor connector. This puts the vehicle into Failure Mode and Effects Management (FMEM). In FMEM mode, air flow is inferred by using rpm and throttle position instead of reading the MAF sensor. (In addition, the BARO value is reset to a base/unlearned value.) If the lean driveability symptoms go away, the MAF sensor is probably contaminated and should be replaced. If the lean driveability symptoms do not go away, go to the PC/ED Service Manual for the appropriate diagnostics.

2004-2007 Ford F-Super Duty SLIDING POWER WINDOW (BACK GLASS) SERVICE MANUAL

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FORD: 2004-2007 F-Super Duty ISSUE SERVICE PROCEDURE Some 2004-2007 F-Super Duty vehicles, equipped with a power sliding rear window (back glass), may 1. Prior to window removal, verify that center exhibit a stuck or binding concern. This condition glass is centered in the upper plastic channel may be due to the center glass not being positioned (Figure 1). If center glass is not inside upper correctly inside the upper or lower channel, the plastic channel, pull channel down and out of channel being warped, bent, or center glass upper aluminum channel and slide back in de-bonded. making sure the entire center glass is inside the plastic channel. ACTION Follow the Service Procedure steps to correct the condition. Figure 1 – Article 06-15-5 2. If Step 1 resolves the issue, return the vehicle 4. Refer to window removal procedure. (Refer to back to customer after verifying the window Workshop Manual (WSM), Section 501-11-24 functions properly. If it did not resolve the and 501-11-25.) issue, proceed to Step 3. 5. Remove cable clips from sheet metal. (Refer to 3. Open the rear window approximately half way. WSM, Section 501-11-28.) 6. Remove three (3) motor bracket attaching bolts. (Refer to WSM, Section 501-11-28. 7. Disconnect motor wiring harness from vehicle 9. Pull outer rubber seal from window frame body harness. (Refer to WSM, Section (Figure 2). 501-11-29.) 8. Remove window assembly from vehicle window opening. Figure 2 – Article 06-15-5 10. Locate two (2) screws in bottom of lower frame and remove them with a R1 square bit screw driver (Figure 3). Figure 3 – Article 06-15-5

2001 Dodge Dakota CENTRAL TIMER MODULE REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION MANUAL

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1. Connect scan tool to Data Link Connector (DLC), under lower left side of instrument panel. Turn ignition on. Using scan tool, attempt to communicate with Air Bag Control Module (ACM) and Controller Antilock Brake (CAB) module. If scan tool is able to identify or communicate with ACM and CAB, go to next step. If scan tool is not able to identify or communicate with ACM and/or CAB, perform appropriate DTC or symptom test. See DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODE IDENTIFICATION and SYMPTOM IDENTIFICATION tables under SELF-DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM. 2. Turn ignition off. Disconnect Gray 26-pin Central Timer Module (CTM) connector C1. CTM is located behind left side kick panel. Ensure interior lights are off. Using DVOM, measure resistance between ground and Gray 26-pin CTM connector C1 terminals No. 1 and 16 (Black/Light Green wires) and No. 2 (Black wire). See Fig. 5 . If resistance is 10 ohms or less on each ground circuit, go to next step. If resistance is more than 10 ohms on any ground circuit, check for an open between appropriate CTM connector terminal and ground. See GROUND DISTRIBUTION article in WIRING DIAGRAMS. Repair as necessary. 3. Disconnect Gray 12-pin CTM connector C3. Using test light connected to ground, probe Gray 12-pin CTM connector C3 terminals No. 1 (Red/Tan wire) and No. 6 (Red/Light Green wire). See Fig. 8 . If test light illuminates on both circuits, go to next step. If test light does not illuminate on both circuits, check for open in appropriate circuit between power distribution center and CTM. See POWER DISTRIBUTION article in WIRING DIAGRAMS. Repair as necessary. 4. Turn ignition on. Using scan tool, ensure there is PCI BUS communication with other modules (besides the ACM and CAB). If scan tool is able to identify or communicate with all modules, go to next step. If scan tool is not able to identify or communicate with all modules, refer to appropriate communications symptom for diagnosis. See DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODE IDENTIFICATION table under SELF-DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM. 5. Connect Scope Input Cable (CH7058) to channel one connector on scan tool. Connect Cable-To-Probe Adapter (CH7062) and Black and Red test probes to scope input cable. Connect Black test probe to ground. Connect Red test probe to PCI BUS circuit at Gray 26-pin CTM connector C1 terminal No. 10 (Violet/Yellow wire). 6. Using scan tool, select PEP MODULE TOOLS, LAB SCOPE, LIVE DATA. Select 12 VOLT SQUARE WAVE. Press F2 for SCOPE. Press F2 and use DOWN arrow to set voltage scale to 20 volts. Press F2 again when complete. Turn ignition on. If reading on lab scope toggles between zero and 7.5 volts, go to next step. If reading on lab scope does not toggle between zero and 7.5 volts, repair open in PCI BUS circuit (Violet/Yellow wire). 7. Replace CTM. See CENTRAL TIMER MODULE under REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

2000 Dodge Dakota & Durango Power Windows ADJUSTMENTS

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ADJUSTMENTS WINDOWS Remove door trim panel. See DOOR TRIM PANEL under REMOVAL & INSTALLATION. Loosen bolts holding window to regulator. Raise window fully, seating window in frame. Tighten bolts. Install door trim panel. TROUBLE SHOOTING POWER WINDOWS On Dakota, inspect circuit breaker No. 20 (20-amp) in junction block. On Durango inspect circuit breaker No. 21 (25-amp) in junction block. On all models, junction block is located on left end of instrument panel. Inspect fuse No. 9 (40-amp on Dakota, 50-amp on Durango) in Power Distribution Center (PDC). PDC is located in left front corner of engine compartment. Inspect power window system ground circuit. See WIRING DIAGRAMS . SYSTEM TESTS ALL WINDOWS INOPERATIVE Dakota 1. Check circuit breaker for power window system. See TROUBLE SHOOTING . Replace circuit breaker as necessary. If circuit breaker is okay, go to next step. 2. Disconnect negative battery cable. Remove driver’s front power window switch. See POWER WINDOW SWITCH under REMOVAL & INSTALLATION. Check for continuity between ground and terminal No. 3 (Black wire) at driver power window switch wiring harness connector. If continuity exists, go to next step. If continuity does not exist, repair open in Black wire between driver power window 2000 Dodge Durango 2000 ACCESSORIES & EQUIPMENT’ ‘Power Windows – Dakota & Durango 2000 Dodge Durango 2000 ACCESSORIES & EQUIPMENT’ ‘Power Windows – Dakota & Durango switch connector and ground. See WIRING DIAGRAMS . 3. Connect negative battery cable. Turn ignition on. Measure voltage between ground and terminal No. 5 (Tan wire) at driver’s power window switch wiring harness connector. If battery voltage is present, check driver power window switch. See POWER WINDOW SWITCH under COMPONENT TESTS. If battery voltage is not present, repair open Tan wire between driver power window switch connector and ignition switch. See WIRING DIAGRAMS . See POWER DISTRIBUTION article in WIRING DIAGRAMS. Durango 1. Check circuit breaker for power window system. See TROUBLE SHOOTING . Replace circuit breaker as necessary. If circuit breaker is okay, go to next step. 2. Disconnect negative battery cable. Remove driver’s front power window switch. See POWER WINDOW SWITCH under REMOVAL & INSTALLATION. 3. Check for continuity between ground and terminal No. 5 (Black wire) at driver’s power window switch wiring harness connector. If continuity exists, go to next step. If continuity does not exist, repair open in Black wire between driver’s power window switch connector and ground. See WIRING DIAGRAMS . 4. Reconnect negative battery cable. Turn ignition on. Measure voltage between ground and terminal No. 4 (Tan wire) at driver’s power window switch wiring harness connector. If battery voltage is present, check driver’s power window switch. See POWER WINDOW SWITCH under COMPONENT TESTS. If battery voltage is not present, repair open Tan wire between driver power window switch connector and ignition switch. See WIRING DIAGRAMS . See POWER DISTRIBUTION article in WIRING DIAGRAMS. ONE WINDOW INOPERATIVE

LEAKS FROM REAR HALFSHAFT AXLE SEAL REPAIR MANUAL

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FORD: LINCOLN: 2002-2006 Explorer 2003-2005 Aviator 2003-2006 Expedition 2003-2006 Navigator MERCURY: 2002-2006 Mountaineer This article supersedes TSB 05-15-5 to update the 3. Do not use a damaged seal installation tool vehicle model years, Parts, and Service Procedure. exhibiting nicks, burrs, or sharp edges. NOTE ISSUE THE USE OF SEAL PROTECTOR 1L2W-4N206-AA Some 2003-2006 Expedition/Navigator, 2002-2006 IS NO LONGER REQUIRED. Explorer 4dr/Mountaineer, and 2003-2005 Aviator vehicles equipped with the 8.8? or 9.75? ring gear 4. Do not tap directly on the back of the seal and independent rear suspension (IRS), may exhibit installation tool, always tap on the handle, per leaks at the rear halfshaft axle seals. A new Instruction Sheet. Seal should be driven evenly unitized seal is now available for service. The new into housing bore with only enough force to seal design eliminates the need to use seal seat in the bore. protectors during installation. Removal of the excluder seal (1L2W-1N013-BA) if present is 5. Before installing the halfshaft, verify that the required. inboard excluder seal (1L2W-1N013-BA) is not present on the halfshaft. If the excluder seal is ACTION present, follow the kit Instruction Sheet and Order and install the new seal kit to correct the leak remove the excluder seal. condition. Review the updated instruction sheet NOTE included in the kit and obtain the required tools before beginning repair. OVERFILLING THE AXLE CAN INCREASE POTENTIAL FOR LEAKS. INSTALLATION SERVICE TIPS PART NUMBER PART NAME Refer to the appropriate Workshop Manual, Section 7L1Z-4A109-B Axle Shaft Seal Kit (9.75 Axle) 205-02 for half shaft removal and installation. 7L1Z-4A109-C Axle Shaft Seal Kit (8.8 Axle) NOTE IN THE WORKSHOP MANUAL UNDER THE HALF WARRANTY STATUS: Eligible Under Provisions Of SHAFT REMOVAL/INSTALLATION SECTION New Vehicle Limited THERE ARE ADDITIONAL PARTS CALLED OUT Warranty Coverage THAT ARE REQUIRED TO BE REPLACED. OPERATION DESCRIPTION TIME THESE PARTS ARE NOT INCLUDED IN THE 062205A 2003-2006 0.8 Hr. AXLE SHAFT SEAL KIT LISTED. Expedition/Navigator: Replace Rear Axle (Stub) 1. Use only the proper seal installation tool, Lisle Shaft Seal Includes Time Special Seal Installer (LIS 17850) available To Remove And Install through the Rotunda Technician Tool Program. Halfshaft One Side (Do Not Use With 4139A, 2. Ensure the seal installation tool is clean and 4139A2) free of debris prior to inserting into new seal.